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Low and high molecular weight fucoidans (F(5-30K) and F(>30K)) were chemically modified through the addition of sulfate groups, and the effect of oversulfation on the in vitro anticancer activity was investigated. After the addition of sulfate groups, a considerable increase of 35.5 to 56.8% was observed in the sulfate content of the F(5-30K) fraction,(More)
Circulating leptin crosses blood-brain barrier to provide control of feeding behavior and energy balance. We investigated changes in leptin and leptin receptor (ObR) in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 region (CA1) after transient cerebral ischemia, and examined effects of leptin on ischemic damage. In vehicle-treated ischemia (vehicle-ischemia) group, the number(More)
Ras protooncogenes are activated by characteristic point mutations in a wide variety of malignancies. The expressed p21ras proteins are oncogenic by virtue of single substituted amino acids, usually at position 12 or 61 of the 189-residue p21ras protein. In the current study, the ability of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted T cells(More)
Melatonin exerts many physiological functions via its G protein-coupled receptors. In the present study, we investigated age-related changes in MT2 melatonin receptor immunoreactivity and its levels in the gerbil hippocampus during normal aging. In the postnatal month 1 (PM 1) group, MT2 immunoreaction was well observed in neurons in all subregions of the(More)
Fibroblast growth factors are important regulators of neuronal development. In this study, we observed fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) immunoreactivity and its protein levels in the hippocampus proper (CA1-3 regions) of the gerbil at various time points after ischemia/reperfusion. In the sham-operated group, FGFR1 immunoreaction was not detected(More)
Four proteoglycans were sequentially extracted from Hypsizygus marmoreus using 0.1 M NaOH (alkali-soluble proteoglycans [F1] and alkali-insoluble proteoglycans [F3]) and 0.1 M HCl (acid-soluble proteoglycans [F2] and acid-insoluble proteoglycans [F4]), and their structures and immunomodulatory activities were investigated. The proteoglycans were found to(More)
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