Sang Duck Kim

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BACKGROUND Incobotulinum is a newly developed botulinum toxin A in which the complexing proteins had been removed. OBJECTIVE The aim was to compare the efficacy and safety of incobotulinum with onabotulinum in treating periocular rhytides and masseteric hypertrophy. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, split-face study was planned. Fifty-six patients(More)
Scrubbing off the stratum corneum with a rough towel after soaking in warm water is a bathing custom unique to Korea. However, Korean dermatologists have advised against this practice due to the potential harm that it may cause, though there is little data to support this advice. This study aimed to evaluate the changes in biophysical characteristics after(More)
Occipital belly (OB) of occipitofrontalis muscle (epicranius) is a muscle which covers the occipital part of the skull. The posterior auricular nerve (PAN) is the first extracranial branch of the facial nerve, which supplies the OB. The PAN is one of the structures used to identify the facial nerve during surgeries such as parotidectomy and mastoidectomy.(More)
BACKGROUND Mannitol containing monophasic filler with higher crosslinking has not been well studied for moderate and severe nasolabial fold (NLF) correction. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of a novel mannitol containing hyaluronic acid (HA) filler (HA-G) with biphasic HA filler (HA-P) for moderate and severe NLF correction. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Understanding the aging process of the midface skeleton is considered crucial for correct facial rejuvenation. However, the canine fossa, an important morphological feature of the midface skeleton, has not yet been observed in connection with aging, despite the fact that it is the most main part of the maxillary bone. Here, the authors focus on the(More)
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