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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes pulmonary components with increased comorbidity rates, as well as being a systemic disease. Comorbidities may frequently occur in COPD patients over 40 yr old. We report the comorbidities of patients with COPD, diagnosed by spirometry, in a population-based epidemiologic survey in Korea. Data were(More)
We evaluated the effects of previous pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) on the risk of obstructive lung disease. We analyzed population-based, the Second Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001. Participants underwent chest X-rays (CXR) and spirometry, and qualified radiologists interpreted the presence of TB lesion independently. A total of(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous nitric oxide (NO) induces the peripheral vasodilation via the activation of guanylate cyclase in patients with septic shock. The purpose of this study was to assess the acute effects of methylene blue (MB), which is an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase, on the hemodynamics and on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric(More)
The maintenance of water homeostasis under pathological conditions is mediated by the aquaporin-4 (AQP4) channel in astrocytes. To clarify the transcriptional regulation for AQP4 under conditions of astrocytic swelling, we examined the role of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5). We evaluated NFAT5 expression patterns after the induction of brain(More)
TonEBP is a transcriptional activator that is expressed throughout development in many tissues and cell types. In the kidney medulla, TonEBP appears to be an important local regulator of differentiation by virtue of stimulating several genes. To study the function of TonEBP, two small interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes were developed that reduced TonEBP(More)
BACKGROUND Differential diagnosis of patients with bilateral lung infiltrates remains a difficult problem for intensive care clinicians. Here we evaluate the diagnostic role of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from patients with bilateral lung infiltrates. METHODS We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common causes of chronic cough and a potential risk factor for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of GERD in patients with COPD and association between GERD and COPD exacerbation. METHODS(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) may play an important role in emphysematous change in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. We previously reported that simvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, attenuates emphysematous change and MMP-9 induction in the lungs of rats exposed to(More)
Using slice patch clamp recording, we examined the effects of general anesthetic propofol (2,6-diisoprophlphenol) on dual modality of GABA(A) inhibition in supraoptic nucleus (SON) magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs): conventional quantal synaptic transmission (IPSCs, I(phasic)) and persistent tonic form of inhibitory current (I(tonic)). Propofol (10(More)
OBJECTIVE Expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells and subsequent monocyte adhesion are initial events in the development of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of apurinic/apyrmidinic endonuclease1/redox factor-1 (APE1/ref-1) in the interaction of monocytes with vascular endothelial cells. METHODS Human(More)