Sang Dal Rhee

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OBJECTIVE Imatinib has been reported to induce regression of type 2 diabetes in chronic leukemia patients. However, the mechanism of diabetes amelioration by imatinib is unknown, and it is uncertain whether imatinib has effects on type 2 diabetes itself without other confounding diseases like leukemia. We studied the effect of imatinib on diabetes in db/db(More)
The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is the target for the anti-diabetic drugs including thiazolidinediones. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel PPARgamma agonist KR-62980. KR-62980 acted as a selective PPARgamma agonist in transactivation assay with an EC50 of 15 nM. In fully(More)
In our previous studies, we showed that PCSC, a polysaccharide isolated from Poria cocos, activated macrophages to induce the translocation of NF-kappaB/Rel into nucleus and DNA binding to its cognate site in the promoter of iNOS gene [Int. Immunopharmacol. 3 (2003) 1353]. In the present study, we investigated the role of p38 kinase pathway and membrane(More)
Leptin mainly acts on the hypothalamus in the brain, in which it regulates food intake and energy expenditure. However, the direct effects of leptin on adipocytes have been controversial in the cellular level. In this study, the effects of leptin on rosiglitazone-induced adipocyte differentiation were investigated in the primary preadipocytes prepared from(More)
The selective inhibitors of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) have considerable potential for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome. In the present study, we investigated the anti-diabetic and anti-adipogenic effects of 2-(3-benzoyl)-4-hydroxy-1,1-dioxo-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-2-yl-1-phenylethanone (KR-66344), as a 11β-HSD1(More)
Cataract causing lr2 gene is found in the CXSD mouse, which is a recombinant inbred strain of BALB/c and STS mice. For the process of positional cloning of lr2, several candidate genes were selected in the middle region of chromosome 14, but most of them were excluded by combination of recombination and homozygosity mapping. Components of neurofilament(More)
A new series of cyano-pyrazoline derivatives with secondary amine at P-2 site was synthesized through achiral and chiral synthetic methods and evaluated for their ability to inhibit dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP-IV). Compound 5i revealed good in vivo efficacy (ED50: 4.1 mg/kg; in vivo DP-IV inhibition). Also chiral derivative (11b) having (S)-configuration of(More)
Agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) are of interest as a treatment for diabetes, which prompted the identification of a new class of non-TZD PPAR gamma agonist. Moreover, compound 14c has displayed the most active agonistic activity with an EC50 value of 50 nM, in addition to exhibiting a new binding mode in the X-ray(More)
Carbenoxolone is the 3-hemisuccinate of glycyrrhetinic acid, the active principal of licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). It was reported that carbenoxolone improved glucose tolerance with increased insulin sensitivity in mice with high fat diet-induced obesity. In the present study, we elucidated the protective effect of carbenoxolone in fatty liver animal(More)
The aim of the current study was to visualize new bone formed in vivo on a small intestine submucosa (SIS) sponge used as a tissue-engineered scaffold for the repair of damaged bone. The SIS sponge provided a three-dimensional pore structure, and supported good attachment and viability of rat bone marrow stem cells (rBMSCs). To examine bone regeneration, we(More)