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The current clinical formulation of paclitaxel (Taxol) contains 1:1 blend of Cremophor EL (polyethoxylated castor oil) and dehydrated ethanol. Cremophor EL and dehydrated ethanol are well known to leach di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) infusion bags and PVC administration sets. DEHP is a possible hepatotoxin, carcinogen,(More)
To evaluate the acute toxicity of a paclitaxel solid dispersion formulation, single dose studies in ICR mice were carried out for injectable excipients, paclitaxel solid dispersion powder, and Taxol. In the dose range of excipients used for preparing paclitaxel solid dispersion, each excipient was clinically safe, and the LD(50) for exicipients was higher(More)
The effects of vehicles and penetration enhancers on the skin permeation of clebopride were evaluated using Franz type diffusion cells fitted with excised rat dorsal skins. The binary vehicle system, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether/isopropyl myristate (40/60, w/w), significantly enhanced the skin permeation rate of clebopride. The skin permeation(More)
The aim of this study was to improve the physicochemical properties and bioavailability of a poorly water-soluble drug, raloxifene by solid dispersion (SD) nanoparticles using the spray-drying technique. These spray-dried SD nanoparticles were prepared with raloxifene (RXF), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and Tween 20 in water. Reconstitution of optimized(More)
A polymeric micelle drug delivery system was developed to enhance the solubility of poorly-water soluble drug, biphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate, DDB. The block copolymers consisting of poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) as the hydrophobic segment and methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG) as the hydrophilic segment were synthesized and characterized by NMR, DSC and(More)
BACKGROUND Drug release from a solid form of self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) has greatly been limited due to strong adsorption and physical interaction with carriers. To facilitate drug release process in the stomach, an acid-soluble powderizing carrier, Fujicalin(®) was evaluated together with different disintegrants and hydrophilic(More)
The aims of this study were to develop a transdermal gel formulation for ibuprofen using experimental design techniques and to evaluate its pharmacokinetic properties. The three factors chosen for factorial design were the concentrations of drug, polyoxyethylene(5)cetyl/oleyl ether and ethanol and the levels of each factor were low, medium and high. Skin(More)
Silymarin has been used to treat hepatobiliary diseases. However, it has a low bioavailability after being administered orally on account of its low solubility in water. In order to improve the dissolution rate, silymarin was formulated in the form of a self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS). The optimum formulation of SMEDDS containing(More)
A sensitive, specific and reproducible HPLC method has been developed and validated for the quantitative determination of paclitaxel in plasma, tissues and tumor of mice. Tissue specimens including liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs, heart and tumor were separately homogenized in bovine serum albumin (BSA, 40 g/l) in water. Plasma or tissue homogenates (0.1 ml)(More)
In this study, we sought to determine the globule size distribution of a propofol/lidocaine mixture as a function of lidocaine concentration and time elapsed after mixing in a standard formulation of propofol emulsion (Diprivan) and in a new formulation containing L-lysine to improve stability. The globule size was measured with a laser diffraction(More)