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The aim of the present study was to investigate the vasoactive effect of Crotalaria sessiliflora L. extract (CSE) on rats and its mechanism when combining in vivo and in vitro approaches. CSE (0.5-5 mg/ml) induced concentration-dependent relaxation on endothelium-intact thoracic aortic rings precontracted with phenylephrine (PE, 10(-5) M). This effect(More)
L-glutamate (glutamate) is an important neurotoxin as well as the major excitatory neurotransmitter. Extracellular glutamate levels are elevated following ischemia, hypoglycemia, and trauma. One consequence of elevated glutamate levels is cell swelling. Such swelling occurs primarily in astroglial cells. We characterized the regional difference in(More)
Zizypus is one of the herbs widely used in Korea and China due to the CNS calming effect. The present study aims to investigate the effect of the methanol extract of Zizyphi Spinosi Semen (ZSS), the seeds of Zizyphus jujuba Mill var. spinosa, on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neurotoxicity in cultured rat cerebellar granule neuron. ZSS, over a(More)
Sanguisorbae radix (SR), the root of Sanguisorba officinalis L. (Rosaceae), has been traditionally used for its anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious and analgesic activities in Korea. Previous work has shown that SR prevents neuronal cell damage induced by Abeta (25--35) in cultured rat cortical neurons. The present study was carried out to further(More)
The present study was performed to examine the neuroprotective effects of fangchinoline (FAN) and tetrandrine (TET), bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloids, which exhibit the characteristics of Ca 2+ channel blockers, on H2O2 -induced neurotoxicity using cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons. H2O2 produced a concentration-dependent reduction of cell viability,(More)
Smilax has various pharmacological effects including antiinflammatory, anticancer and antioxidant activity. The present study aims to investigate the effect of the methanol extract of Smilacis chinae rhizome (SCR) from Smilax china L. (Liliaceae) on amyloid beta protein (Abeta) (25-35), a synthetic 25-35 amyloid peptide, -induced neurotoxicity in cultured(More)
Polygalae Radix (PR) from Polygala tenuifolia (Polygalaceae) is traditionally used in China and Korea, as this herb has a sedative, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agent. To extend our understanding of the pharmacological actions of PR in the CNS on the basis of its CNS inhibitory effect, the present study examined whether PR has the neuroprotective(More)
The effect of a new rhFSH, PG-0801, on oocyte quality, ovulation and in vitro fertilization (IVF) was examined in androgen-sterilized mice. Experimental sterility was induced by a single subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate (TP, 1 mg/head) into 5 day old female mice. Ovulation was generated in the 10 to 13-week old TP-injected mice by a(More)
Here, we report the results of a prevalidation trial for an in vitro eye irritation test (EIT) using the reconstructed human cornea-like epithelium, MCTT HCE™. The optimal cutoff to determine irritation in the prediction model was established at 35% with the receiver operation characteristics(ROC) curve for 126 substances. Within-lab(WL) and between-lab(BL)(More)
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