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We engineered functional cardiac patches by seeding neonatal rat cardiomyocytes onto carbon nanotube (CNT)-incorporated photo-cross-linkable gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels. The resulting cardiac constructs showed excellent mechanical integrity and advanced electrophysiological functions. Specifically, myocardial tissues cultured on 50 μm thick(More)
A mini-microscope was developed for in situ monitoring of cells by modifying off-the-shelf components of a commercial webcam. The mini-microscope consists of a CMOS imaging module, a small plastic lens and a white LED illumination source. The CMOS imaging module was connected to a laptop computer through a USB port for image acquisition and analysis. Due to(More)
A portable and cost-effective real-time cardiotoxicity biosensor was developed using a CMOS imaging module extracted from a commercially available webcam. The detection system consists of a CMOS imaging module, a white LED and a pinhole. Real-time image processing was conducted by comparing reference and live frame images. To evaluate the engineered system,(More)
A loosely focused light beam is very useful for separating colloidal particles. For micron size colloidal particles suspended in a fluid and irradiated with a laser beam perpendicular to the direction of fluid flow, particles have a retention distance determined by their size and composition, the flow rate of fluid, and characteristics of the laser. An(More)
We describe a microfluidic device for generating nonlinear (exponential and sigmoidal) concentration gradients, coupled with a microwell array for cell storage and analysis. The device has two inputs for coflowing multiple aqueous solutions, a main coflow channel and an asymmetrical grid of fluidic channels that allows the two solutions to combine at(More)
A method for improving the size-based particle separation technique known as pinched flow fractionation (PFF) has been demonstrated experimentally and analyzed by performing numerical calculations. Since the particles in the pinched region are pushed by an optical scattering force, the original particle position with respect to the wall is modulated. This(More)
Lens-free (or lensless) imaging is emerging as a cost-effective, compact, and lightweight detection method that can serve numerous biological applications. Lens-free imaging can generate high-resolution images within a field-portable platform, which is ideal for affordable point-of-care devices aiming at resource-limited settings. In this mini-review, we(More)
A continuous, real-time optical particle separation, which was previously delineated theoretically, is successfully implemented experimentally for the first time. In this method, particles suspended in a flowing fluid are irradiated with a laser beam propagating in a direction perpendicular to direction of fluid flow. Upstream of the laser beam, the(More)
Storage of photovoltaic and wind electricity in batteries could solve the mismatch problem between the intermittent supply of these renewable resources and variable demand. Flow batteries permit more economical long-duration discharge than solid-electrode batteries by using liquid electrolytes stored outside of the battery. We report an alkaline flow(More)
Carbon-based nanomaterials have been considered as promising candidates to mimic certain structure and function of native extracellular matrix materials for tissue engineering. Significant progress has been made in fabricating carbon nanoparticle-incorporated cell culture substrates, but limited studies have been reported on the development of(More)