Sanford M . Dawsey

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BACKGROUND Use of the conventional Western and Japanese classification systems of gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia results in large differences among pathologists in the diagnosis of oesophageal, gastric, and colorectal neoplastic lesions. AIM To develop common worldwide terminology for gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia. METHODS Thirty one(More)
Esophageal cancer incidence and mortality rates in Linxian, China are among the highest in the world. We examined risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), gastric cardia cancer (GCC), and gastric noncardia cancer (GNCC) in a population-based, prospective study of 29,584 adults who participated in the Linxian General Population Trial. All(More)
We conducted a genome-wide association study of gastric cancer and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in ethnic Chinese subjects in which we genotyped 551,152 SNPs. We report a combined analysis of 2,240 gastric cancer cases, 2,115 ESCC cases and 3,302 controls drawn from five studies. In logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex and study,(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic evidence indicates that diets high in fruits and vegetables are associated with a reduced risk of several cancers, including cancers of the esophagus and stomach. Vitamins and minerals in these foods may contribute to the reduced cancer risk. The people of Linxian County, China, have one of the world's highest rates of(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is an important risk factor for gastric cancer, but <3% of carriers of this organism will ever develop gastric cancer. Since inflammation plays a significant role in gastric carcinogenesis, it has been suggested that polymorphisms in genes involved in inflammatory response may partly explain why only a subgroup of patients(More)
Golestan Province in northeastern Iran has one of the highest rates of esophageal squamous cell cancer in the world. This article reviews the studies conducted on esophageal squamous cell cancer in this area and summarizes the data on epidemiologic patterns, incidence trends, and etiology of esophageal squamous cell cancer in this province.
Objective: To determine if genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1, GSTM1, GSTP1, or GSTT1 are associated with an increased risk of developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), gastric cardia cancer (GCC), or either in a high-risk Asian population. Methods: We conducted a case-cohort analysis with 5 years of prospective follow-up. The analytical cohort(More)
The population of Linxian in north central China is at high risk for gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and chronic inflammation may contribute to this risk. Interleukin-8 (IL8), a potent chemoattractant, has three well-characterized single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), one (-251) of which alters(More)
BACKGROUND Tooth loss has previously been associated with a higher risk of cancer, heart disease, and stroke, but the role of confounding by smoking remains an issue. METHODS We conducted a cohort study including 29,584 healthy, rural Chinese adults who were participants in a chemoprevention trial from 1986 through 1991 and who have been followed-up(More)
In a recently published paper in the "British Medical Journal", a joint collaboration of well-known international scientists represented by Islami et al. has tackled this issue.1 In a well-designed, laborious case-control study in Golestan, Iran, they looked at 300 cases of esophageal SCC and 571 age and sex matched neighborhood controls, assessed the(More)