Sanford J. Larson

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A total of 28 cases of cervical spine dislocation with bilateral locking of facets treated between 1976 and 1984 were analyzed to determine whether treatment modality had any effect on outcome based on cord or root function. Motor vehicle accidents were responsible for 19 cases; the most common levels of dislocation were C-5, C-6 and C-6, C-7, with 10 each.(More)
BACKGROUND Thirty-three patients with nontuberculous pyogenic thoracic and lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis were treated surgically. Indications for surgery were either progression of disease despite adequate antibiotic therapy, neurologic deficit, or both. The most common initial symptom was back pain. Seven patients had diabetes, seven patients were(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the biodynamic strength and localized kinematic response of the human cervical spine under axial loading applied to the head. Intact ligamentous fresh human cadaveric head-neck complexes were subjected to dynamic compressive forces with a custom-designed electrohydraulic testing device at varying rates. The structure(More)
This study was conducted to develop a detailed, three-dimensional, anatomically accurate finite element model of the human cervical spine structure using close-up computed tomography scans and to validate against experimental data. The finite element model of the three vertebra segment C4-C6 unit consisted of 9178 solid elements and 1193 thin shell(More)
Twenty-three patients were operated upon for thoracic disc herniation between 1973 and 1982. The lateral approach to the vertebral column was used in each. Most patients had severe local pain; 13 had severe myelopathy or complete motor paralysis, including 4 who had become paraplegic after laminectomy. Eleven patients had calcified discs or osteophytic(More)
Fifteen fresh, intact, human male cadavers suspended head down were dropped vertically from a height of 0.9-1.5 meters. In eight specimens the heads were restrained to simulate muscle forces. The head-neck complex was oriented for maximal axial loading of the cervical and upper thoracic spine. In several cadavers, load cells were placed in cervical bodies.(More)