Sanetaka Shirahata

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Active oxygen species or free radicals are considered to cause extensive oxidative damage to biological macromolecules, which brings about a variety of diseases as well as aging. The ideal scavenger for active oxygen should be 'active hydrogen'. 'Active hydrogen' can be produced in reduced water near the cathode during electrolysis of water. Reduced water(More)
Fucoidan is a uniquely-structured sulfated polysaccharide found in the cell walls of several types of brown seaweed that has recently, especially as enzyme-digested fucoidan extract, attracted a lot attention due to its anti-tumor potential. In this study, we evaluated the effects of enzyme-digested fucoidan extracts prepared from seaweed Mozuku of(More)
Molecular hydrogen has been shown to have neuroprotective effects in mouse models of acute neurodegeneration. The effect was suggested to be mediated by its free-radical scavenger properties. However, it has been shown recently that molecular hydrogen alters gene expression and protein phosphorylation. The aim of this study was to test whether chronic ad(More)
BACKGROUND Fucoidan extract (FE), an enzymatically digested compound with a low molecular weight, is extracted from brown seaweed. As a natural compound with various actions, FE is attractive, especially in Asian countries, for improving the therapeutic efficacy and safety of cancer treatment. The present study was carried out to investigate the anti-tumor(More)
In human cells, telomerase activity is tightly regulated by the expression of its catalytic subunit, namely, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of hTERT expression have not been completely clarified. We have previously reported that transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)(More)
Electrolyzed reduced water, which is capable of scavenging reactive oxygen species, is attracting recent attention because it has shown improved efficacy against several types of diseases including diabetes mellitus. Alloxan produces reactive oxygen species and causes type 1 diabetes mellitus in experimental animals by irreversible oxidative damage to(More)
In vitro immunization (IVI) techniques have a great potential in the production of human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against various antigens. An IVI method of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) has been developed with a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line in our laboratory. Although several cancer specific human MAbs were successfully generated by(More)
In the present study, we clarified that transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) induces cellular senescence in human normal diploid cells, TIG-1, and identified protein kinase Cs (PKCs) as downstream mediators of TGF-beta-induced cellular senescence. Among PKCs, we showed that PKC-delta induced cellular senescence in TIG-1 cells and was activated in(More)
A new disease of epidemic proportions caused by fish viruses within the Iridoviridae family inflicts serious damage on red sea breams (Pagrus major) and striped jack (Caranx delicatissimus) populations grown in aquacultures in Japan. A partial segment of the fish iridoviral DNA was directly amplified using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with synthetic(More)
We attempted to screen for telomerase inhibitingactivity in vitro from a total of 304 marine algae samples which were collected from various Japancoasts by nonradioisotope telomeric repeatamplification protocol (Non-RI TRAP) assay using humanleukemia MOLT-4 cells. Ten of the MeOH extracts andtwo of the PBS extracts from those algal samplesshowed telomerase(More)