Sanet Aspinall

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Serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA is now the most important and reliable marker for monitoring hepatitis B viral replication. Quantitative detection of HBV DNA in serum is based on commercial standardized molecular hybridization test systems. We compared two hybridization assays, the Digene Hybrid Capture assay (Digene Diagnostics, Beltsville, MD) and the(More)
BACKGROUND Rotaviruses are the most important cause of severe acute gastroenteritis worldwide in children <5 years of age. The human, G1P[8] rotavirus vaccine Rotarix™ significantly reduced severe rotavirus gastroenteritis episodes in a Phase III clinical trial conducted in infants in South Africa and Malawi. This paper examines rotavirus vaccine efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND Human rotavirus vaccine (HRV; i.e., Rotarix) reduced the incidence of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) by 77% (95% Confidence interval: 56-88%) during the first year of life in South Africa. Persistence of HRV-derived protection against RVGE during subsequent rotavirus seasons, although evident in industrialized settings, remains to be(More)
Different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes may be associated with viral load, severity of liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, geographical location and sensitivity to interferon. In this study the prevalence of HCV-RNA and distribution of HCV genotypes was investigated in anti-HCV-positive patients admitted to Ga-Rankuwa Hospital during 1994 and 1995.(More)
A novel beta-lactamase enzyme produced by a strain of Pseudomonas paucimobilis is described. The enzyme differs from other recorded beta-lactamases from Gram-negative aerobic bacteria. It was constitutive, and had the characteristics of a penicillinase. One single band of beta-lactamase activity at pI 4.6 was seen on iso-electric focusing. The enzyme had a(More)
BACKGROUND Because baboons are being considered as a source of xenografts for human liver transplantation in patients with hepatitis B virus- (HBV) induced cirrhosis to forestall infection of the graft by the virus, we undertook a study to ascertain if baboons are resistant to HBV infection. METHODS Six chacma baboons were inoculated with serum containing(More)
Antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) and human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) have been identified in various population groups living in southern and central Africa. Sera from 291 !Kung Bushmen in Bushmanland, Namibia were examined for the presence of antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2 and to HTLV-I. Initial screening for HIV-1/2 by two(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN To determine the effects of anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic drugs on paw swelling and changes in plasma levels of acute phase proteins (APPs) during acute inflammation in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Inflammation was induced in rats by the injection of adjuvant and the animals were bled five days later and plasma levels of(More)
Virus-like particles (VLPs) of the high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16, 18, 31, 33, and 45 were used as antigen in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to determine the prevalence of serum IgG in a group of San people originally from Namibia, now residing in South Africa. The San children had low seroprevalence to all VLP types, but 26/115(More)