Learn More
Rapid genome-wide identification of genes required for infection would expedite studies of bacterial pathogens. We developed genome-scale "negative selection" technology that combines high-density transposon mutagenesis and massively parallel sequencing of transposon/chromosome junctions in a mutant library to identify mutants lost from the library after(More)
Haemophilus influenzae transits between niches within the human host that are predicted to differ in oxygen levels. The ArcAB two-component signal transduction system controls gene expression in response to respiratory conditions of growth and has been implicated in bacterial pathogenesis, yet the mechanism is not understood. We undertook a genome-scale(More)
Complete bacterial genomic DNA sequences have allowed application of genome-scale strategies to identify essential genes. Efficient generation of conditional loss of function mutations provides a means of characterization of this class of genes. Promoter systems conferring tight regulation are particularly applicable to generating such mutations and we(More)
Bacterial coinfection represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in epidemics of influenza A virus (IAV). The bacterium Haemophilus influenzae typically colonizes the human upper respiratory tract without causing disease, and yet in individuals infected with IAV, it can cause debilitating or lethal secondary pneumonia. Studies in murine models have(More)
In response to environmental signals in the host, bacterial pathogens express factors required during infection and repress those that interfere with specific stages of this process. Signalling pathways controlling virulence factors of the human respiratory pathogen, Haemophilus influenzae, are predominantly unknown. The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) outer core(More)
BACKGROUND Better understanding of complications and outcomes of adults hospitalized with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is necessary. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted on all adults (≥ 18 years) admitted to 3 acute care general hospitals in Hong Kong with virologically confirmed RSV infection during 2009-2011 (N = 607).(More)
Haemophilus influenzae efficiently colonizes and persists at the human nasopharyngeal mucosa, causing disease when it spreads to other sites. Nitric oxide (NO) represents a major antimicrobial defense deployed by host cells in locations colonized by H. influenzae during pathogenesis that are likely to vary in oxygen levels. Formate-dependent nitrite(More)
Haemophilus influenzae is an obligate human pathogen that persistently colonizes the nasopharynx and causes disease when it invades the bloodstream, lungs, or middle ear. Proteins that mediate critical interactions with the host during invasive disease are likely to be secreted. Many secreted proteins require addition of disulfide bonds by the DsbA(More)
Whole-genome techniques toward identification of microbial genes required for their survival and growth during infection have been useful for studies of bacterial pathogenesis. The advent of massively parallel sequencing platforms has created the opportunity to markedly accelerate such genome-scale analyses and achieve unprecedented sensitivity, resolution,(More)
Signaling mechanisms used by Haemophilus influenzae to adapt to conditions it encounters during stages of infection and pathogenesis are not well understood. The ArcAB two-component signal transduction system controls gene expression in response to respiratory conditions of growth and contributes to resistance to bactericidal effects of serum and to(More)