Sandy K Johnson

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We evaluated whether a fixed-time AI (TAI) protocol could yield pregnancy rates similar to a protocol requiring detection of estrus, or detection of estrus and AI plus a clean-up TAI for heifers not detected in estrus, and whether adding an injection of GnRH at controlled internal drug release (CIDR) insertion would enhance fertility in CIDR-based(More)
Our objective was to develop treatments applied to cattle of unknown pregnancy status that would resynchronize the repeat estrus of nonpregnant females. In Exp. 1, previously inseminated dairy and beef heifers were assigned randomly to each of three treatments 13 d after AI: 1) no treatment (controls; n = 44); 2) 0.5 mg of estradiol cypionate (ECP) i.m. on(More)
We determined whether a fixed-time AI (TAI) protocol could yield pregnancy rates similar to a protocol requiring detection of estrus, or estrous detection plus TAI, and whether adding a controlled internal device release (CIDR) to GnRH-based protocols would enhance fertility. Estrus was synchronized in 2,598 suckled beef cows at 14 locations, and AI was(More)
In Exp. 1, 187 lactating beef cows were treated with injections of GnRH 7 d before and 48 h after prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha; Cosynch) or with Cosynch plus a 7-d treatment with an intravaginal progesterone (P4)-releasing insert (CIDR-B; Cosynch + CIDR). In Exp. 2, 183 lactating beef cows were treated with the Cosynch protocol or with Cosynch plus a(More)
The objectives of this experiment were to determine if treatment of beef heifers with progesterone (P4) using an intravaginal device alone or in combination with estradiol benzoate (EB) would induce estrus and cause development of corpora lutea (CL) with a typical life span. Peripubertal heifers (n = 311) were used when about 40% of the heifers had a(More)
The authors coordinated the efforts of 44 hospitals in the United States to develop average times required for technologists to perform each of 19 radiologic examinations. When applicable, the overall average times were compared with extant Canadian work-load statistics. In six of the 14 examinations for which Canadian standards exist, the average times(More)
Forty-seven bovine embryos, ranging from the four-cell to expanded blastocyst stage, with grades ranging from excellent to poor, were collected non-surgically from superovulated Holstein heifers. A viability assay based on the measurement of bioluminescent emission from the media surrounding an embryo was tested. This assay measured the activity of the(More)
A study was conducted to determine whether compensatory ovarian hypertrophy occurred in prepuberal heifers, and if so, could compensatory ovarian hypertrophy be prevented by injecting charcoal-extracted bovine follicular fluid (CFF). An additional objective was to determine the effect of CFF injections on follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing(More)
Data on 186 Hereford heifers from five South Dakota ranches were collected to evaluate the relationships of pelvic structure and body measurements with calving difficulty (CD) and pelvic area. Body measurements obtained prebreeding and precalving included two internal pelvic and seven external rump measurements, three pelvic angles and two slope of rump(More)
The kinetic properties and inhibitor sensitivity of human sperm phospholipase A2 (PLA2; EC were studied. Phospholipase activity was isolated from human spermatozoa by acid extraction. Hydrolysis of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine was specific to the sn-2 position. Activity was sensitive to product inhibition (60% inhibition by 0.1 mM(More)