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Olfactory sensory neurons expressing a given odorant receptor project to two topographically fixed glomeruli in the olfactory bulb. We have examined the contribution of different cell types in the olfactory bulb to the establishment of this topographic map. Mice with a homozygous deficiency in Tbr-1 lack most projection neurons, whereas mice with a(More)
The autosomal recessive mouse mutation reeler leads to impaired motor coordination, tremors and ataxia. Neurons in affected mice fail to reach their correct locations in the developing brain, disrupting the organization of the cerebellar and cerebral cortices and other laminated regions. Here we use a previously characterized reeler allele (rl(tg)) to close(More)
Axon guidance proteins are critical for the correct wiring of the nervous system during development. Several axon guidance cues and their family members have been well characterized. More unidentified axon guidance cues are assumed to participate in the formation of the extremely complex nervous system. We identified a secreted protein, draxin, that shares(More)
Here we report the isolation, sequence and developmental expression in the central nervous system of several members of the chicken and mouse Nkx gene family. These are among the earliest genes to be regionally expressed in the neural plate; they are expressed just above the axial mesendoderm (prechordal mesendoderm and notochord). Each Nkx gene has a(More)
The effect of the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate (PS) on the glycine receptor-mediated response was studied in cultured chick spinal cord neurons using the whole-cell voltage-clamp recording technique. PS rapidly and reversibly inhibits the glycine-induced current in a dose-dependent manner, with an EC50 of 3.7 microM and a maximal inhibition of 100%.(More)
PURPOSE To test whether lentivirus-mediated expression of an endostatin::kringle-5 (E::K-5) fusion gene has an inhibitory effect on neovascularization and failure of corneal transplants. METHODS A lentiviral vector containing a fusion transgene comprising the human endostatin gene and the kringle-5 domain of the human plasminogen gene (E::K-5) was used(More)
Fos-lacZ and Jun-lacZ transgenic mice were used to assess the involvement of immediate-early genes in the axotomy-transcription coupling pathway triggered by sciatic nerve injury in neonates and adults. Nerve transection transiently induced Fos-lacZ in degenerating (neonatal) and regenerating (adult) motor, but not sensory, neurons. In contrast, Jun-lacZ(More)
We developed transgenic mice conditionally expressing the neutrophil chemoattracting chemokine KC and the beta-galactosidase gene in multiple tissues. In these transgenic mice, doxycycline treatment induced a strong up-regulation in the expression of KC in several tissues, including heart, liver, kidney, skin, and skeletal muscle. Expression of KC within(More)
The mesencephalic V neurons and tectobulbar axons in chick embryo project over long distances that appear during the early development of the chick optic tectum. The mesencephalic V neuron and tectobulbar axonal growth begin at Hamburger and Hamilton stage 14 and stage 18, respectively. Both fibers proceed downward from the dorsal to the ventral side of the(More)