Sandy C. Marks

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Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a secreted, extracellular matrix-associated signaling protein that regulates diverse cellular functions. In vivo, CTGF is expressed in many tissues with highest levels in the kidney and brain. The purpose of this study was twofold; first, to localize CTGF in normal bone in vivo during growth and repair, and second,(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this postmortem study was to use high-detail skeletal surveys, specimen radiography, and histopathologic analysis to determine the number, distribution, and age of inflicted skeletal injuries in infants studied at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center from 1984 to 1994. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one infants (average(More)
Bone cells compose a population of cells of heterogeneous origin but restricted function with respect to matrix formation, mineralization, and resorption. The local, mesenchymal origin of the cells which form the skeleton contrasts with their extraskeletal, hemopoietic relatives under which bone resorption takes place. However, the functions of these two(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related, activation-induced cytokine (TRANCE), a tumor necrosis factor family member, mediates survival of dendritic cells in the immune system and is required for osteoclast differentiation and activation in the skeleton. We report the skeletal phenotype of TRANCE-deficient mice and its rescue by the TRANCE transgene specifically(More)
Recent studies have evaluated techniques for estimating bone mass without radiation. The present study compares broadband ultrasound attenuation of the calcaneus and bone densities of the femoral neck and the lumbar spine in 17 normal women and 41 women with osteoporosis. Twenty of the osteoporotic women had spine (n=16) or femoral neck (n=4) fractures.(More)
The roles of the gubernaculum dentis, root formation, tooth crown and dental follicle in prefunctional eruption of a mandibular premolar have been studied in nine beagle dogs by radiographic and histologic evaluations of the effects of surgical ablation or removal of these structures on tooth eruption. The dental follicle was the only one of these(More)
The toothless (tl) mutation in the rat is a naturally occurring, autosomal recessive mutation resulting in a profound deficiency of bone-resorbing osteoclasts and peritoneal macrophages. The failure to resorb bone produces severe, unrelenting osteopetrosis, with a highly sclerotic skeleton, lack of marrow spaces, failure of tooth eruption, and other(More)
The metaphyseal lesions in abused infants have highly distinctive radiologic characteristics. The so-called "bucket-handle" and "corner" fractures often form the basis for the diagnosis of abuse. However, despite the great familiarity with the radiologic appearances, no systematic histopathologic study of the metaphyseal lesions in abused infants has been(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze systematically the spectrum of morphologic alterations of classic metaphyseal lesions (CML) involving the distal tibia of abused infants and to identify features that assist in the radiologic diagnosis and assessment of healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one infants who died with evidence of inflicted(More)
The bones of incisors-absent (ia/ia) osteopetrotic rats differ from those of their normal littermates (ia/+) in histologic and radiographic appearance and in mechanical properties. This study examined how the mineral and matrices of osteopetrotic metaphyses and calvaria differed from normal controls. Bones of 11-day-old and 52-day-old osteopetrotic animals(More)