Sandro Rostelato-Ferreira

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Rhinella schneideri, previously known as Bufo paracnemis, is a common toad in many regions of Brazil. Its venom exerts important cardiovascular effects on humans and other animals. Although this toad venom has been the subject of intense investigations, little is known about its neuromuscular activity. The neurotoxicity of a methanolic extract of R.(More)
Theraphosid spider venoms can block neurotransmission in vertebrate nerve-muscle preparations in vitro, but few of the components involved have been characterized. In this work, we describe the neuromuscular activity of venom from the Brazilian theraphosid Vitalius dubius and report the purification and pharmacological characterization of VdTX-1, a 728 Da(More)
The major venom component of Micrurus mipartitus, a coral snake distributed from Nicaragua to northern South America, was characterized biochemically and functionally. This protein, named mipartoxin-I, is a novel member of the three-finger toxin superfamily, presenting the characteristic cysteine signature and amino acid sequence length of the short-chain,(More)
In this work, we examined the neuromuscular activity of Bothriopsis bilineata smargadina (forest viper) venom in vertebrate isolated nerve-muscle preparations. In chick biventer cervicis preparations the venom caused concentration-dependent (0.1-30 μg/ml) neuromuscular blockade that was not reversed by washing, with 50% blockade occurring in 15-90 min.(More)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been widely used as a solvent among other applications. An ideal solvent is one that does not interfere with an in vitro biological system, unless it is a bioactive agent. Herein, a facilitatory neurotransmission effect was exhibited by PEG (20 microM) in mammalian (67 +/- 12.5%, n = 4) and avian (74 +/- 6.8%, n = 6)(More)
The structural determinants of myotoxicity of bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I), a Lys49 phospholipase A(2) from Bothrops jararacussu venom, were studied by measuring the resting membrane potential in the mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation. This method proved to be around 100-fold more sensitive than the creatine kinase release assay, and was used to(More)
Many natural products influence neurotransmission and are used clinically. In particular, facilitatory agents can enhance neurotransmission and are potentially useful for treating neuromuscular diseases in which muscular weakness is the major symptom. In this work, we investigated the facilitatory effect of apolar to polar fractions of Casearia sylvestris(More)
INTRODUCTION Crotamine is a basic, low-molecular-weight peptide that, at low concentrations, improves neurotransmission in isolated neuromuscular preparations by modulating sodium channels. In this study, we compared the effects of crotamine and neostigmine on neuromuscular transmission in myasthenic rats. METHODS We used a conventional electromyographic(More)
Heparin has been shown to antagonize myotoxic effects of crotaline venoms. Here a very low heparin concentration (LHC) was examined in its ability to antagonize the neurotoxic/myotoxic effects of Bothrops jararacussu venom and its phospholipase A(2) myotoxin, bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I), in an in vitroz nerve-muscle preparation and in mice gastrocnemius.(More)
OBJECTIVE To translate the Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, cross-culturally adapt, and to verify its validity and its reliability. METHODS The development of the Brazilian version of Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire (Brazil-NBQ) was based on the guideline proposed by Guillemin. The applied process consisted of translation,(More)