Sandro Rostelato-Ferreira

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Theraphosid spider venoms can block neurotransmission in vertebrate nerve-muscle preparations in vitro, but few of the components involved have been characterized. In this work, we describe the neuromuscular activity of venom from the Brazilian theraphosid Vitalius dubius and report the purification and pharmacological characterization of VdTX-1, a 728 Da(More)
In this work, we examined the neuromuscular activity of Bothriopsis bilineata smargadina (forest viper) venom in vertebrate isolated nerve-muscle preparations. In chick biventer cervicis preparations the venom caused concentration-dependent (0.1-30 μg/ml) neuromuscular blockade that was not reversed by washing, with 50% blockade occurring in 15-90 min.(More)
The major venom component of Micrurus mipartitus, a coral snake distributed from Nicaragua to northern South America, was characterized biochemically and functionally. This protein, named mipartoxin-I, is a novel member of the three-finger toxin superfamily, presenting the characteristic cysteine signature and amino acid sequence length of the short-chain,(More)
Venom (10-100 μg/ml) from Bothrops alcatraz, a pitviper from the Alcatrazes Archipelago off the coast of southeastern Brazil, caused progressive, irreversible neuromuscular blockade in chick isolated biventer cervicis preparations. The venom also inhibited contractures to exogenous ACh (110 μM) and KCl (20 mM), caused myofiber damage and increased creatine(More)
The structural determinants of myotoxicity of bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I), a Lys49 phospholipase A(2) from Bothrops jararacussu venom, were studied by measuring the resting membrane potential in the mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation. This method proved to be around 100-fold more sensitive than the creatine kinase release assay, and was used to(More)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been widely used as a solvent among other applications. An ideal solvent is one that does not interfere with an in vitro biological system, unless it is a bioactive agent. Herein, a facilitatory neurotransmission effect was exhibited by PEG (20 microM) in mammalian (67 +/- 12.5%, n = 4) and avian (74 +/- 6.8%, n = 6)(More)
INTRODUCTION Crotamine is a basic, low-molecular-weight peptide that, at low concentrations, improves neurotransmission in isolated neuromuscular preparations by modulating sodium channels. In this study, we compared the effects of crotamine and neostigmine on neuromuscular transmission in myasthenic rats. METHODS We used a conventional electromyographic(More)
Rhinella schneideri, previously known as Bufo paracnemis, is a common toad in many regions of Brazil. Its venom exerts important cardiovascular effects on humans and other animals. Although this toad venom has been the subject of intense investigations, little is known about its neuromuscular activity. The neurotoxicity of a methanolic extract of R.(More)
The neurotoxicity of a methanolic extract of toad (Rhinella schneideri) poison was examined in chick biventer cervicis preparations. The methanolic extract (1, 3, 10 and 30µg/ml) caused concentration-dependent blockade at the three highest concentrations (time for 50% blockade, mean±SEM: 84±10, 51±3 and 12±0.8min for 3, 10 and 30µg/ml, respectively; n=6-8(More)
OBJECTIVE To translate the Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, cross-culturally adapt, and to verify its validity and its reliability. METHODS The development of the Brazilian version of Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire (Brazil-NBQ) was based on the guideline proposed by Guillemin. The applied process consisted of translation,(More)