Sandro Roberto Marana

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A beta-glycosidase (M(r) 50000) from Spodoptera frugiperda larval midgut was purified, cloned and sequenced. It is active on aryl and alkyl beta-glucosides and cellodextrins that are all hydrolyzed at the same active site, as inferred from experiments of competition between substrates. Enzyme activity is dependent on two ionizable groups (pK(a1)=4.9 and(More)
Trypsins have high sequence similarity, although the responses of insect trypsins to chemical and natural inhibitors suggest they differ in specificities. Purified digestive trypsins from insects of four different orders were assayed with internally quenched fluorescent oligopeptides with two different amino acids at P1 (Arg/Lys) and 15 amino acid(More)
ss-glycosidases are active upon a large range of substrates. Besides this, subtle changes in the substrate structure may result in large modifications on the ss-glycosidase activity. The characterization of the molecular basis of ss-glycosidases substrate preference may contribute to the comprehension of the enzymatic specificity, a fundamental property of(More)
Two beta-glycosidases (M(r) 59k) were purified from midgut contents of larvae of the yellow mealworm, Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). The two enzymes (betaGly1 and betaGly2) have identical kinetic properties, but differ in hydrophobicity. The two glycosidases were cloned and their sequences differ by only four amino acids. The T. molitor(More)
Lysozymes from family 22 of glycoside hydrolases are usually part of the defense system against bacteria. However in ruminant artiodactyls and saprophagous insects, lysozymes are involved in the digestion of bacteria. Here, we report the first crystallographic structure of a digestive lysozyme in its native and complexed forms, the structure of lysozyme 1(More)
Two beta-glycosidases (BG) (Mr 47,000 and Mr 50,000) were purified from Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) midguts. These two polypeptides associate or dissociate depending on the medium ionic strength. The Mr 47,000 BG probably has two active sites. One of the putative active sites (cellobiase site) hydrolyses p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucoside(More)
The relative contributions to the specificity and catalysis of aglycone, of residues E190, E194, K201 and M453 that form the aglycone-binding site of a beta-glycosidase from Spodoptera frugiperda (EC 3.2.1.21), were investigated through site-directed mutagenesis and enzyme kinetic experiments. The results showed that E190 favors the binding of the initial(More)
A library of random mutants of the β-glycosidase Sfβgly was screened for mutations that affect its specificity for the substrate glycone (β-d-fucoside versus β-d-glucoside). Among mutations selected (T35A, R189G, Y345C, P348L, S358F, S378G, N400D, S424F, F460L, and R474H), eight occurred in the C-terminal half of Sfβgly and only two were at the active site(More)
Abracris flavolineata midgut contains a processive exo-beta-glucanase (ALAM) with lytic activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which was purified (yield, 18%; enrichment, 37 fold; specific activity, 1.89 U/mg). ALAM hydrolyses fungal cells or callose from the diet. ALAM (45 kDa; pI 5.5; pH optimum 6) major products with 0.6 mM laminarin as substrate are(More)
The specificity of the Spodoptera frugiperda digestive beta-glycosidase (Sfbetagly50) for fucosides, glucosides and galactosides is determined by noncovalent interactions of glycone 6-OH and glycone 4-OH with the active-site residues Q39 and E451. Site-directed mutagenesis and enzyme steady-state kinetics were described, showing that replacement of E451(More)