Sandro Prato

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Mouse spleens contain three major dendritic cell (DC) populations: plasmacytoid DC, conventional CD8(+)CD24(+) DC (CD8(+) DC), and conventional CD8(-)CD24(-) DC (CD8(-) DC). We have previously shown that CD8(+) DC are the major cross-presenting subtype in vivo and are the main inducers of antiviral cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses. Here we show that after(More)
Cross-presentation as a fundamental pathway of activating CD8(+) T cells has been well established. So far the application of this concept in vivo is limited, and the mechanisms that specialize CD8(+) dendritic cells (DCs) for this task are not fully understood. Here we take advantage of the specific cytosolic export feature of cross-presenting DCs together(More)
The circumsporozoite (CS) is the most abundant surface protein of the Plasmodium sporozoite, and is also present early in the liver stage of the infection. Following successful protective experiments in mice and monkeys, the synthetic 102-mer malaria vaccine polypeptide representing the C-terminal region of the CS of Plasmodium falciparum was tested in a(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) have been implicated in the defective function of the immune system during cancer progression. We have demonstrated that patients with cancer have fewer myeloid (CD11c+) and plasmacytoid (CD123(hi)) DC and a concurrent accumulation of CD11c(-)CD123- immature cells expressing HLA-DR (DR(+)IC). Notably, DR(+)IC from cancer patients have a(More)
Recent studies highlight surprising roles for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production by T cells. T-cell-derived GM-CSF is required for the differentiation of monocyte-derived inflammatory dendritic cells during inflammation and for the pathogenicity of IL-17 producing T helper cells in autoimmunity. To gain further insight into(More)
Systemic delivery of Ag usually induces poor mucosal immunity. To improve the CD8 T cell response at mucosal sites, we targeted the Ag to MAdCAM-1, a mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule expressed mainly by high endothelial venules (HEV) in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) and Peyer's patches of gut-associated lymphoid tissue. When chemical conjugates of(More)
The mechanisms of immune evasion during haematological malignancies are poorly understood. As lymphomas grow in lymphoid organs, it would be expected that if these lymphomas express neo-antigens they should be readily detected by the immune system. To test this assumption, we generated a new non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma model expressing the model tumour(More)
Initiation of CTL responses against foreign pathogens also primes anti-self CTLs. Mechanisms of CTL inactivation inhibit anti-self CTLs to prevent tissue damage. These mechanisms are exploited by pathogens and tumors to evade the immune response, and present a major hurdle to adoptive CTL therapies. It is unclear whether CTL inactivation is Ag specific and,(More)
Little is known about the role of conformation on the antigen processing by antigen presenting cells. Using a well-defined antigen containing two disulfide bridges, the synthetic C-terminal fragment 282-383 derived from Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCS 282-383), we show that the reduced form is presented in vitro more efficiently than(More)