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Hypoxia is a pathological condition arising in living tissues when oxygen supply does not adequately cover the cellular metabolic demand. Detection of this phenomenon in tumors is of the utmost clinical relevance because tumor aggressiveness, metastatic spread, failure to achieve tumor control, increased rate of recurrence, and ultimate poor outcome are all(More)
The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of ultrasonography in the localization of pulmonary nodules during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Ultrasonography was performed in 35 patients for the localization of pulmonary nodules during VATS. Indication for VATS was excisional biopsy of undetermined nodules in 22 patients, single or multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the frequency and predictors of short esophagus in a case series of patients undergoing antireflux surgery. METHOD An observational prospective study from September 10, 2004, to October 31, 2006, was performed at 8 centers. The distance between the esophagogastric junction as identified by intraoperative esophagoscopy and the apex of(More)
Precise staging of reflux esophagitis is very important for therapeutic decisions; in fact, chronic gastroesophageal reflux may cause transmural inflammation that leads to fibrosis with loss of esophageal wall compliance. In reflux esophagitis, endoscopic stating is limited to mucosal injury, while endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is able to visualize(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional imaging techniques [computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, magnetic resonance] and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy are often insufficient to make a conclusive diagnosis of bronchial carcinoid (BC). PET is commonly used for the assessment of lung cancer but 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose, the most frequently used PET tracer, presents a low(More)
OBJECTIVE Heller myotomy results for the treatment of sigmoid achalasia are worse than those achieved for fusiform achalasia. We retrospectively examined two groups of sigmoid achalasia patients, in which we performed (1) the standard Heller-Dor procedure (no pull-down) and (2) the Heller-Dor plus a technique apt to obtain the verticality of the oesophageal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In surgery for achalasia, the length of the myotomy and the opportunity of associating an antireflux procedure are still debated. Prospective and comparative studies on different techniques are few. The aims of this work is to compare the long term results of three different techniques successively adopted by the same surgical group. (More)
INTRODUCTION We stress the importance of dynamic radiologic studies of swallowing in the patients submitted to reconstructive laryngectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS January, 1989, to December, 1996, we examined 36 patients submitted to reconstructive laryngectomy, namely cricohyoidoepiglottopexy in 34 cases, cricohyoidopexy in 1 case and Guerrier's(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the nitrinergic neurons in the esophageal and gastric component of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and gastric fundus of patients with primary achalasia. METHODS Four muscle strips were obtained from the esophagogastric junction (two from the esophageal and two from the gastric side of(More)
The secretion of bicarbonate, lipase, and chymotrypsin into the duodenum in response to exogenous stimulation with secretin, 1 CU/kg-h, plus caerulein, 100 ng/kg-h, was investigated in 12 patients, on an average, 20.7 months after total gastrectomy and in 14 control subjects. The secretion of bicarbonate and lipase was significantly lower in patients than(More)