Sandro M. Krieg

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OBJECT Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is a newly evolving technique. Despite its supposed purpose (for example, preoperative central region mapping), little is known about its accuracy compared with established modalities like direct cortical stimulation (DCS) and functional MR (fMR) imaging. Against this background, the authors(More)
BACKGROUND Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is increasingly used in presurgical brain mapping. Preoperative nTMS results correlate well with direct cortical stimulation (DCS) data in the identification of the primary motor cortex. Repetitive nTMS can also be used for mapping of speech-sensitive cortical areas. OBJECTIVE The current(More)
Navigated brain stimulation (NBS) is a newly evolving technique. In addition to its supposed purpose, e.g., preoperative mapping of the central region, little is known about its further use in neurosurgery. We evaluated the usefulness of diffusion tensor imaging fiber tracking (DTI-FT) based on NBS compared to conventional characterization of the seed(More)
BACKGROUND Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been proven to influence surgical indication and planning. Yet there is still no clear evidence how these additional preoperative functional data influence the clinical course and outcome. Thus, this study aimed to compare patients with motor eloquently located supratentorial lesions(More)
Frame-based stereotaxy remains the “gold standard” for cerebral biopsies and functional neurosurgery though new frameless stereotactic systems are evolving continually. As the technique of frameless stereotaxy gains increasing acceptance among neurosurgeons, this study assesses the feasibility of a system for frameless image-guided stereotaxy. All patients(More)
OBJECT Within the primary motor cortex, navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been shown to yield maps strongly correlated with those generated by direct cortical stimulation (DCS). However, the stimulation parameters for repetitive nTMS (rTMS)-based language mapping are still being refined. For this purpose, the present study compares two(More)
Brain edema is still one of the most deleterious sequels of traumatic brain injury (TBI), and its pathophysiology is not sufficiently understood. The goal of the current study was to investigate the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP), also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH), an important regulator of tissue water homeostasis, for the formation of(More)
The optic nerve within the optic canal, the parophthalmic segment of the carotid artery, and the oculomotor nerve in the superior orbital fissure all lay against the anterior clinoid process. Bone resection uncovers these structures. For extradural resection of the anterior clinoid process and surrounding bone, two key steps are recommended: bony opening of(More)
For accuracy in navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS), determination of the hotspot location of small hand muscles is crucial because it is the basis for the resting motor threshold (RMT) and, therefore, its spatial resolution. We investigated intra- and interobserver differences of hotspot mapping to provide evidence for the reproducibility of(More)
OBJECT Resection of gliomas in or adjacent to the motor system is widely performed using intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM). For resection of cerebral metastases in motor-eloquent regions, however, data are sparse and IOM in such cases is not yet widely described. Since recent studies have shown that cerebral metastases infiltrate surrounding brain(More)