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In neurons, generation and propagation of action potentials requires the precise accumulation of sodium channels at the axonal initial segment (AIS) and in the nodes of Ranvier through ankyrin G scaffolding. We found that the ankyrin-binding motif of Na(v)1.2 that determines channel concentration at the AIS depends on a glutamate residue (E1111), but also(More)
In this paper, we present a study on the characterization and the classification of textures. This study is performed using a set of values obtained by the computation of indexes. To obtain these indexes, we extract a set of data with two techniques: the computation of matrices which are statistical representations of the texture and the computation of(More)
This paper describes the sequence of construction of a cell nuclei classi¯cation model by the analysis, the characterization and the classi¯cation of shape and texture. We describe ¯rst the elaboration of dedicated shape indexes and second the construction of the associated classi¯-cation submodel. Then we present a new method of texture characterization,(More)
The rolandic and sylvian fissures divide the human cerebral hemispheres and the adjacent areas participate in speech processing. The relationship of rolandic (sylvian) seizure disorders with speech and cognitive impairments is well known, albeit poorly understood. We have identified the Xq22 gene SRPX2 as being responsible for rolandic seizures (RSs)(More)
Human mesial temporal lobe epilepsies (MTLE) are the most frequent form of partial epilepsies and display frequent pharmacoresistance. The molecular alterations underlying human MTLE remain poorly understood. A two-step transcriptional analysis consisting in cDNA microarray experiments followed by quantitative RT-PCR validations was performed. Because the(More)
Febrile seizures affect 2-5% of all children younger than 6 years. A small proportion of children with febrile seizures later develop epilepsy. The syndrome of generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by febrile seizures that may persist beyond age 6 years and nonfebrile seizures. Several genes have(More)
Progeroid syndromes are heritable human disorders displaying features that recall premature ageing. In these syndromes, premature aging is defined as "segmental" since only some of its features are accelerated. A number of cellular biological pathways have been linked to aging, including regulation of the insulin/growth hormone axis, pathways involving ROS(More)
Magnetotactic bacteria are able to swim navigating along geomagnetic field lines. They synthesize ferromagnetic nanocrystals that are embedded in cytoplasmic membrane invaginations forming magnetosomes. Regularly aligned in the cytoplasm along cytoskeleton filaments, the magnetosome chain effectively forms a compass needle bestowing on bacteria their(More)
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative syndrome caused by mutations of the IT15 gene encoding for the huntingtin protein. Some research groups have previously shown that HD is associated with cellular radiosensitivity in quiescent cells. However, there is still no mechanistic model explaining such specific clinical feature. Here, we examined the(More)
The term "bystander effect" is used to describe an effect in which cells that have not been exposed to radiation are affected by irradiated cells though various intracellular signaling mechanisms. In this study we analyzed the kinetics and mechanisms of bystander effect and radioadaptation in embryonic zebrafish cells (ZF4) exposed to chronic low dose of(More)