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For the first time, glucosylation of alpha-butyl- and alpha-octylglucopyranoside was achieved using dextransucrase (DS) of various specificities, and alternansucrase (AS) from Leuconostoc mesenteroides. All the glucansucrases (GS) tested used alpha-butylglucopyranoside as acceptor; in particular, DS produced(More)
The study of exopolysaccharide production by heterofermentative sourdough lactic acid bacteria has shown that Weissella strains isolated from sourdoughs produce linear dextrans containing α-(1→6) glucose residues with few α-(1→3) linkages from sucrose. In this study, several dextran-producing strains, Weissella cibaria and Weissella confusa, isolated from(More)
Weissella confusa and Weissella cibaria isolated from wheat sourdoughs produce, from sucrose, linear dextrans due to a single soluble dextransucrase. In this study, the first complete gene sequence encoding dextransucrase from a W. confusa strain (LBAE C39-2) along with the one from a W. cibaria strain (LBAE K39) were reported. Corresponding gene cloning(More)
Sucrose-utilizing transglucosidases are valued tools in chemistry to generate glycodiversification. Not only do these enzymes use as substrate an abundant agroresource, sucrose, but they also share a remarkable versatility regarding the acceptor substrate, allowing the structurally-controlled synthesis of diverse glucosylated products. Latest research has(More)
Connexins are a large family of proteins that form gap junction channels allowing exchange of ions and small metabolites between neighboring cells. They have been implicated in pathological processes such as tumourigenesis in which they may act as tumour suppressors. A polymorphism in the human connexin37 (Cx37) gene (C1019T), resulting in a(More)
Obesity, and especially excessive visceral adipose tissue accumulation, is considered as a low-grade inflammatory state that is responsible for adipocyte dysfunction and associated metabolic disorders. Adipose tissue displays endocrine functions by releasing pro- or anti-inflammatory bioactive molecules named adipokines. An altered expression of these(More)
Prospective epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of numerous cardiovascular pathologies is correlated with body selenium status. However, it remains unclear whether selenium status also influences the outcome of myocardial infarction. The aim of the present study was to test whether dietary selenium intake affects myocardial necrosis(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals (O2.-, H2O2, and .OH) that are produced during postischemic reperfusion are currently suspected to be involved in the pathogenesis of tissue injury. Another reactive oxygen species, the electronically excited molecular oxygen (1O2), is of increasing interest in the area of experimental research in cardiology. In this review are(More)
ΔN(123)-glucan-binding domain-catalytic domain 2 (ΔN(123)-GBD-CD2) is a truncated form of the bifunctional glucansucrase DSR-E from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1299. It was constructed by rational truncation of GBD-CD2, which harbors the second catalytic domain of DSR-E. Like GBD-CD2, this variant displays α-(1→2) branching activity when incubated with(More)