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PURPOSE The efficacy of new oral fluoropyrimidines, including capecitabine, is improved in cells expressing high levels of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and low levels of thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase. We used a human head and neck cancer cell line (CAL33) to examine the influence of cell cycle modifications on TS, TP, and(More)
The mechanism by which glucocorticoids induce various cellular responses in different tissues is only partially understood. Here we demonstrate that glucocorticoids stabilize the actin cytoskeleton of several cell types, as revealed by increased resistance of actin filaments to the disrupting effect of cytochalasin and by visible thickening of actin(More)
The K562 cell line serves as a model to study the molecular mechanisms associated with leukemia differentiation. We show here that cotreatment of K562 cells with PMA and low doses of SB202190 (SB), an inhibitor of the p38 MAPK pathway, induced a majority of cells to differentiate towards the megakaryocytic lineage. Electronic microscopy analysis showed that(More)
Mcl-1 is an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family that can promote cell viability. We report here that Mcl-1 is a new substrate for caspases during induction of apoptosis. Mcl-1 cleavage occurs after Asp127 and Asp157 and generates four fragments of 24, 19, 17 and 12 kDa in both intact cells and in vitro, an effect prevented by selective caspase(More)
Tumoral thymidine phosphorylase (TP) appears to play a dual role by being involved in neoangiogenesis and by activating 5FU prodrugs at the tumoral target site. The aim of the study was to investigate more thoroughly these potential physiological and pharmacological roles of TP. A rat carcinoma cell line (PROb) was transfected with TP/PD-ECGF in order to(More)
Ganstigmine, a new acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, was incubated with rat liver microsomes and the resulting metabolites were identified by high-performance liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric (HPLC/MS) and HPLC/MS/MS analyses. The results showed the formation of eight main metabolites, among which geneseroline and molecules corresponding to(More)
The partial sequence of the increasing capillary permeability protein (ICPP) purified from Vipera lebetina venom revealed a strong homology to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A. We now report its complete amino acid sequence determined by Edman degradation and its biological effects on mouse and human vascular endothelial cells. ICPP is a(More)
Large scale purification of endothelial cells is of great interest as it could improve tissue transplantation, reperfusion of ischemic tissues and treatment of pathologies in which an endothelial cell dysfunction exists. In this study, we describe a novel genetic approach that selects for endothelial cells from differentiating embryonic stem (ES) cells. Our(More)
Most cancer cells exhibit increased glycolysis for generation of their energy supply. This specificity could be used to preferentially kill these cells. In this study, we identified the signaling pathway initiated by glycolysis inhibition that results in sensitization to death receptor (DR)-induced apoptosis. We showed, in several human cancer cell lines(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatases (MKPs) are dual-specificity phosphatases that dephosphorylate phosphothreonine and phosphotyrosine residues within MAP kinases. Here, we describe a novel posttranslational mechanism for regulating MKP-3/Pyst1/DUSP6, a member of the MKP family that is highly specific for extracellular signal-regulated(More)