Sandrine Lyonnard

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A simple model based on Gaussian statistics, aimed at describing localized diffusive translational motion in one, two, and three dimensions is presented and used to calculate the corresponding incoherent neutron scattering laws. In the time domain, these laws are closed form mathematical functions. In the frequency domain, some of these laws can be(More)
We present a coarse-grained model for ionic surfactants in explicit aqueous solutions, and study by computer simulation both the impact of water content on the morphology of the system, and the consequent effect of the formed interfaces on the structural features of the absorbed fluid. On increasing the hydration level under ambient conditions, the model(More)
We report a small-angle neutron scattering study of liquid water sorption in Nafion membranes. The swelling of hydrophilic domains was measured on the nanoscale by combining in situ time-resolved and long-term static experiments, yielding kinetic curves recorded over an unprecedented time scale, from hundreds of milliseconds to several years. At low water(More)
The optimization of the water management in proton exchange membrane fuel cells is a major issue for the large-scale development of this technology. In addition to the operating conditions, the membrane water sorption and transport processes obviously control the water management. The main objective of this work is to provide new experimental evidence based(More)
The dynamic behavior of water within two types of ionomer membranes, Nafion and sulfonated polyimide, has been investigated by field-cycling nuclear magnetic relaxation. This technique, applied to materials prepared at different hydration levels, allows the proton motion on a time scale of microseconds to be probed. The NMR longitudinal relaxation rate R(1)(More)
We have studied by using molecular dynamics computer simulations the dynamics of water confined in ionic surfactant phases, ranging from well ordered lamellar structures to micelles at low and high water loading, respectively. We have analysed in depth the main dynamical features in terms of mean-squared displacements and intermediate scattering functions,(More)
The solid phase geometry of a Na- and Ca-montmorillonite has been investigated by using ultra-small- and small-angle X-ray scattering and X-ray diffraction. The scattering domain covered by combining these techniques corresponds to characteristic distances ranging from a few angstroms to a micrometer. The intensity scattered on the whole scattering domain(More)
Perfluorosulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) multiblock copolymers have been shown to be promising as proton exchange membranes. The commonly used approach for preparation of the membrane is solvent casting; the properties of the resulting membranes are very dependent on the membrane processing conditions. In this paper, we study the effects of block(More)
Small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering are used to characterize the surface roughness and porosity of a natural rock which are described over three decades in length scales and over nine decades in scattered intensities by a surface fractal dimension D = 2.68+/-0.03. When this porous medium is exposed to a vapor of a contrast-matched water, neutron(More)
Each topic will be introduced by a motivational or tutorial talk on a selected scientific achievement, in such a way that all participants can gain a broader sense of the benefits of the various approaches described. Basic information on the complementary properties of the different types of techniques, their data interpretation, as well as information on(More)