Sandrine Le Guillou

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BACKGROUND The mammary gland is a dynamic organ that undergoes important physiological changes during reproductive cycles. Until now, data regarding the characterisation of miRNA in the mammary gland have been scarce and mainly focused on their abnormal expression in breast cancer. Our goal was to characterise the microRNA (miRNA) involved in mechanisms(More)
Recent reports have shown that ingested microRNAs may be transferred to blood, accumulate in tissues and exert canonical regulation on endogenous transcripts. In spite of several attempts to replicate these findings, they have not been confirmed and several questions remain. By using a transgenic mouse model presenting a high level of miR-30b in milk, the(More)
In Zea mays L., we studied the molecular evolution of Shrunken2 (Sh2), a gene that encodes the large subunits of a major enzyme in endosperm starch biosynthesis, ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase. We compared 4669 bp of the Sh2 coding region on 50 accessions of maize and teosinte. Very few nucleotide polymorphisms were found when compared with other genes in Z.(More)
The aetiological agent of infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is an orthomyxo-like virus with a negativestranded RNA genome consisting of eight segments (Dannevig, Falk & Namork 1995; Falk, Namork, Rimstad, Mjaaland & Dannevig 1997; Mjaaland, Rimstad, Falk & Dannevig 1997). The ISA virus (ISAV) constitutes the only member of the Isavirus genus (Kawaoka, Cox,(More)
The physiological function of the prion protein remains largely elusive while its key role in prion infection has been expansively documented. To potentially assess this conundrum, we performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis of the brain of wild-type mice with that of transgenic mice invalidated at this locus either at the zygotic or at the adult(More)
Inbred lines differentially susceptible to diseases are a powerful tool to get insights into the mechanisms of genetic resistance to pathogens. In fish, chromosome manipulation techniques allow a quick production of such homozygous lines. Using gynogenesis, we produced nine homozygous clones of rainbow trout from a domestic population (INRA Sy strain). We(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNA (miRNA) are negative regulators of gene expression, capable of exerting pronounced influences upon the translation and stability of mRNA. They are potential regulators of normal mammary gland development and of the maintenance of mammary epithelial progenitor cells. This study was undertaken to determine the role of miR-30b on the(More)
The protein Shadoo (Sho) is a paralogue of prion protein, and encoded by the gene Sprn. Like prion protein it is primarily expressed in central nervous system, and has been shown to have a similar expression pattern in certain regions of the brain. We have generated reporter mice carrying a transgene encompassing the Sprn promoter, exon 1, intron 1 and the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small endogenous non-coding RNA involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of specific mRNA targets. The first whole goat genome sequence became available in 2013, with few annotations. Our goal was to establish a list of the miRNA expressed in the mammary gland of lactating goats, thus enabling implementation of the goat miRNA(More)
We describe risk factors associated with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae fecal carriage at admission in an infant population. 12.6% were carrying extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli were the most frequently identified species. Prior antibiotic therapy (P = .016;(More)