Sandrine Kahi

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Successful immunologic control of HIV infection is achieved only in rare individuals. Dendritic cells (DCs) are required for specific antigen presentation to naive T lymphocytes and for antiviral, type I interferon secretion. Two major blood DC populations are found: CD11c+ (myeloid) DCs, which secrete IL-12, and CD123+ (IL-3-receptor+) DCs (lymphoid),(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of anergy to Toxoplasma gondii in congenitally infected newborns and immunocompetent infected individuals. Specific anergy to Toxoplasma has been reported previously, especially in cases of congenital toxoplasmosis. Whole blood from 592 immunocompetent patients with suspected toxoplasmosis was cultured in(More)
To assess cell-mediated immunity to Toxoplasma gondii, we evaluated the expression of the activation antigens CD69, CD71, and CD25 on T lymphocytes by flow cytometry after specific in vitro stimulation of whole blood from 127 T. gondii-positive and 63 T. gondii-negative patients. T lymphocytes from many seropositive individuals did not express CD69 at 24 h(More)
Serological rebounds occur frequently in patients with congenital toxoplasmosis, but remain poorly understood. A link between Th1 and Th2 cytokines and the pathophysiology of infectious diseases has been reported. Production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and IL-4 in supernatants of whole blood after in vitro specific Toxoplasma gondii stimulation and(More)
BACKGROUND Successful immunological control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is achieved only in rare individuals. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs) are mostly responsible for the production of strong antiviral factors--that is, type I interferons (IFNs)--in response to viruses. Their natural IFN production is impaired in chronic HIV(More)
IL-12 enhances protective responses against HIV replication. Its production after in vitro stimulation is defective in chronic HIV infection, but higher responses can be found. IL-23 shares the p40 chain and some properties with IL-12 and enhances Th17 responses, but its role in HIV infection is unknown. The production of IL-12 and IL-23 and the respective(More)
OBJECTIVES Toxoplasmosis serology may become temporarily negative in children with congenital toxoplasmosis, leading to a risk of misdiagnosis and inadequate surveillance. The purpose of our work was to better understand the time course of toxoplasmosis serology which has not been studied specifically and to propose practical recommendations. PATIENTS AND(More)
The invasion and replication of Toxoplasma gondii are usually analyzed through either optical microscopy or incorporation of tritiated uracil. A new method has been developed using flow cytometric analysis to examine the entry and replication of T. gondii RH strain in Saimiri brain endothelial cells. After cell fixation and permeabilization using saponin,(More)
Patients with congenital toxoplasmosis occasionally show rises in serum antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii (serological rebound), but the underlying cause remains unclear. The acute or chronic presence of available antigen often causes the appearance, in the peripheral blood, of cells actively secreting specific antibody. We have evaluated the capacity of(More)
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