Sandrine Hyde

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A protocol has been developed for the quantitative assessment of muscle function in children with muscle disease. It includes total muscle strength (% MRC) based on a clinical assessment of strength of 32 groups using the 6-point MRC grading; the force of 8 selected muscle groups measured with a specially designed electromyometer; a motor ability score(More)
The loss of force that occurred during intermittent electrically evoked tetanic contractions was determined for the tibialis anterior muscle of normal subjects. Adult muscles showed a characteristic reduction of tension over the first two to three minutes until a steady plateau was reached. Muscles of young children showed no comparable decrease of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Investigations were performed to establish if repetitive arm cycling training enhances the antispastic effect of intramuscular botulinum toxin (BTX) injections in postischemic spastic hemiparesis. Effects on cerebral activation were evaluated by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS Eight chronic spastic(More)
We performed a randomized controlled trial of early surgical treatment of contractures in 20 boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, age 4-6 yr. Surgery consisted of release of hip flexors, removal of iliotibial bands, and lengthening of tendo Achilles bilaterally. All patients were monitored for at least 12 months post-randomization, and assessed(More)
To evaluate the therapeutic possibilities of chronic electrical stimulation, muscle function studies and quantitative tests of physical assessment were used to monitor the response of quadriceps femoris to prolonged low frequency stimulation. Comparative studies of the maximum voluntary and electrically elicited responses of muscles of young ambulant(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The EK scale comprises ten categories (EK 1-10), each contributing to an overall picture of function in the non-ambulatory stage of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The purpose of the present study was to investigate content and construct validity of the EK scale as a tool to discriminate between levels of functional ability in(More)
Juvenile dermatomyositis in fourteen children who had not responded fully to steroids and other immunosuppressants and who had had chronic active disease for an average of 3 years was successfully treated with cyclosporin. Twelve patients had serious complications of the disease or of previous treatment. The response to cyclosporin included recovery of(More)
The effect of chronic low frequency stimulation on the tibialis anterior muscle of children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy was investigated. Baseline data from 16 boys established low values of maximum voluntary contraction which did not improve with age. Studies of the contractile properties revealed significant slowing (p less than 0.001) of mean(More)