Sandrine Hyde

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The EK scale comprises ten categories (EK 1-10), each contributing to an overall picture of function in the non-ambulatory stage of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The purpose of the present study was to investigate content and construct validity of the EK scale as a tool to discriminate between levels of functional ability in(More)
A 30-month prospective study of 27 Scandinavian boys with confirmed diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy was carried out to construct profiles of the natural history of the disease. Assessments which included measures of voluntary muscle strength and function were done at 3 monthly intervals except for the first and second which were separated by 1(More)
The effect of chronic low frequency stimulation on the tibialis anterior muscle of children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy was investigated. Baseline data from 16 boys established low values of maximum voluntary contraction which did not improve with age. Studies of the contractile properties revealed significant slowing (p less than 0.001) of mean(More)
Juvenile dermatomyositis in fourteen children who had not responded fully to steroids and other immunosuppressants and who had had chronic active disease for an average of 3 years was successfully treated with cyclosporin. Twelve patients had serious complications of the disease or of previous treatment. The response to cyclosporin included recovery of(More)
To evaluate the therapeutic possibilities of chronic electrical stimulation, muscle function studies and quantitative tests of physical assessment were used to monitor the response of quadriceps femoris to prolonged low frequency stimulation. Comparative studies of the maximum voluntary and electrically elicited responses of muscles of young ambulant(More)
A 30-month prospective randomized study of 27 Scandinavian boys with confirmed diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy was done to compare the effect of passive stretching combined with the use of night splints (group A) or passive stretching (group B) on the evolution of Tendo Achilles contractures. Assessments were based on the methodology of Scott et(More)
The loss of force that occurred during intermittent electrically evoked tetanic contractions was determined for the tibialis anterior muscle of normal subjects. Adult muscles showed a characteristic reduction of tension over the first two to three minutes until a steady plateau was reached. Muscles of young children showed no comparable decrease of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Investigations were performed to establish if repetitive arm cycling training enhances the antispastic effect of intramuscular botulinum toxin (BTX) injections in postischemic spastic hemiparesis. Effects on cerebral activation were evaluated by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS Eight chronic spastic(More)
Chronically meconium-stained fetuses may ultimately suffer cerebral palsy and other devastation. The mechanism is unknown. Innocuous pregnancy complications may cause some fetuses to discharge meconium, which may become hazardous, independently of aspiration. We herein report previously undescribed, meconium-induced umbilical and placental vascular(More)