Sandrine Degorge

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AIMS Sensitive diagnosis of Acanthamoeba infections may prevent the clinical condition from becoming worse. In order to improve the diagnosis tool performances, we studied the implication of the DNA extraction procedures on the detection of Acanthamoeba by real-time PCR. METHODS Acanthamoeba cysts mixed with a tag virus were processed according to(More)
BACKGROUND Propionibacteriaceae (Propioni) are anaerobic bacteria associated with human and animal infections. Present-day methods of diagnosis for Propioni are unsatisfactory due to a lack of sensitivity of culture, time required for culture results (3 to 14 days) and difficulties in interpreting SYBR Green real-time PCR results. The goal of this work was(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of bacterial endophthalmitis (BE) often fails due to: (1) insufficient volumes of vitreous fluid (VF) and aqueous humour (AH); (2) lack of sensitivity of culture; (3) antibiotic treatments; (4) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) cross-contamination; and (5) limitations on the interpretation of the real-time PCR melting curve. We developed(More)
BACKGROUND Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a sight-threatening infection, and none of the current diagnosis tests are able to detect in one reaction low levels of the vast majority of strains associated with pathology. The goal of this work was to validate a new tool for the detection of the American Type Cell Collection (ATCC) referenced Acanthamoeba(More)
PURPOSE The prognosis of people infected with Fungi especially immunocompromised depends on rapid and accurate diagnosis to capitalize on time administration of specific treatments. However, cultures produce false negative results and nucleic-acid amplification techniques require complex post-amplification procedures to differentiate relevant fungal types.(More)
INTRODUCTION Bacteriological testing is aimed to reduce the risk of transmission of infections. However, the detection of Bacteria by culture requires from 18hours to 14 days and may produce erroneous results for fastidious species. The goal of this work was to design and validate a new tool for bacterial testing. METHODS The test is based on the fast(More)
BACKGROUND Fungal keratitis is a major blinding eye disease found throughout the world, particularly in developing countries. Given the recent increase in Fusarium keratitis infections in contact lens wearers owing to contact lens solutions, a warning was recently issued by the Food and Drug Administration, making it a public health concern in developed(More)
Diagnosis of Acanthamoeba by microscopic examination, culture, and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) has several limitations (sensitivity, specificity, lack of detection of several strains, cost of testing for discrimination among strains). We developed a new high-resolution melting real-time PCR (HRM) to detect and characterize Acanthamoeba infections. HRM(More)
The aim of this work was to determine the diagnostic performance of real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and to assess intraocular specific antibody secretion (Goldmann–Witmer coefficient) on samples from patients with signs of posterior uveitis presumably of infectious origin and to target the use of these two biologic tests in the diagnostic of(More)
PURPOSE The first-line therapy for patients with keratitis is different for bacteria, filamentous fungi, and yeasts. The timely onset of treatments depends on rapid and accurate diagnosis. However, fungal cultures produce high rates of false-negative results. Nucleic acid amplification techniques (polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) improve fungal diagnosis(More)