Sandrine Chantepie

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OBJECTIVE Small dense HDL3 particles of defined lipidome and proteome potently protect atherogenic LDL against free radical-induced oxidation; the molecular determinants of such antioxidative activity in these atheroprotective, antiinflammatory particles remain indeterminate. METHODS AND RESULTS Formation of redox-active phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to define heterogeneity in the molecular profile of lipids, including sphingomyelin and sphingosine-1-phosphate, among physicochemically-defined HDL subpopulations and potential relevance to antiatherogenic biological activities of dense HDL3. METHODS AND RESULTS The molecular profile of lipids (cholesteryl esters,(More)
Plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect endothelial cells against apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). The specific component(s) of HDLs implicated in such cytoprotection remain(s) to be identified. Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) were incubated with mildly oxLDL in the presence or absence of each of five(More)
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) deficiency causes elevated high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels; its impact on HDL functionality however remains elusive. We compared functional and compositional properties of HDL derived from 9 Caucasian heterozygous CETP mutation carriers (splice-site mutation in intron 7 resulting in premature(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperalphalipoproteinemia (HALP) is characterized by elevated plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles with altered composition, metabolism, and function. The impact of such modification on antioxidative activities of HDL subfractions is indeterminate. METHODS AND RESULTS Gradient fractionation revealed that buoyant HDL2b and 2a(More)
Heparan sulphate (glucosamine) 3-O-sulphotransferase 2 (HS3ST2, also known as 3OST2) is an enzyme predominantly expressed in neurons wherein it generates rare 3-O-sulphated domains of unknown functions in heparan sulphates. In Alzheimer's disease, heparan sulphates accumulate at the intracellular level in disease neurons where they co-localize with the(More)
Expansion protocols aim at both increasing the number of umbilical cord blood (UCB) hematopoietic stem cells and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and reducing the period of neutropenia in UCB HSPC graft. Because glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are known to be important components of the hematopoietic niche and to modulate growth factor effects, we explored the use of GAG(More)
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