Sandrine Belaich

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Pancreatic beta-cells contain large amounts of zinc. We took advantage of this to try to localize, quantify, and isolate insulin-producing cells from islet preparations. Our study was designed to identify a non-toxic zinc-sensitive fluorescent probe able to selectively label labile zinc in viable beta-cells and to exhibit excitation and emission wavelengths(More)
Enteroviruses may be linked to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The prevalence of enteroviral (EV) infection at onset of adult IDDM was investigated by detection of specific EV sequences in peripheral blood using a reverse transcription and a seminested polymerase chain reaction (seminested RT-PCR). EDTA-treated whole blood samples taken from 12(More)
Generating human insulin-secreting cells for cell therapy of diabetes represents a highly competitive world challenge. Human ductal cells can give rise to islets in vivo and in vitro. The goal of this study was to devise a rapid sorting method to highly purify human ductal cells from pancreatic tissue using a pan-ductal membrane antibody carbohydrate(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental agents such as viruses have been identified as potentially important determinants of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Enterovirus infections, Coxsackievirus B especially, could be linked to the beta cell damaging process and to the onset of clinical IDDM. OBJECTIVES Enteroviral (EV) infection and beta cell autoimmunity(More)
Human pancreatic cells with a typical ductal phenotype and potential to proliferate can be obtained in vitro, but the differentiation capacity of these putative human pancreatic stem cells remains to be documented. We investigated the protein and mRNA expression of insulin promoter factor 1 (IPF-1) (or pancreas/duodenal homeobox 1), a transcription factor(More)
A rapid detection method of enteroviral RNA in clinical samples using PCR and a microwell capture hybridization assay is described. PCR products were labelled directly by digoxigenin-dUTP during the amplification step. The labelled amplicons were hybridized with a biotinylated oligo-probe and captured on commercially available test microwells coated with(More)
We examined whether 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25 D(3)), the active form of vitamin D involved in the regulation of the immune system, may also protect human pancreatic islet cells from destruction induced by cytokines. In this study, we specifically investigated the effect of 1,25 D(3) on oxidative stress and major histocompatibility complex (MHC)(More)
In order to analyse the relationships between enteroviral replication and the myocardial damage at the onset of chronic cardiac infection, 2 mouse strains with different degrees of immunological competence (NMRI nu/nu, DBA/2) were infected by a myocarditic Coxsackie virus B3 (CVB3-M1) variant. At 31 days post-inoculation, plaque-forming assay, polymerase(More)
The role of enteroviruses, especially Coxsackievirus B (CVB), in type 1 diabetes is suspected, but the mechanisms of the virus-induced or aggravated pathogenesis of the disease are unknown. The hypothesis of an enterovirus-induced disturbance of pancreatic β-cells regeneration has been investigated in the human system. The infection of human pancreas ductal(More)
Beta cell loss occurs at the onset of type 1 diabetes and after islet graft. It results from the dysfunction and destruction of beta cells mainly achieved by apoptosis. One of the mediators believed to be involved in beta cell apoptosis is Fas, a transmembrane cell surface receptor transducing an apoptotic death signal and contributing to the pathogenesis(More)