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One early phase of atherosclerosis involves the recruitment of inflammatory cells from the circulation and their transendothelial migration. This process is predominantly mediated by cellular adhesion molecules, which are expressed on the vascular endothelium and on circulating leukocytes in response to several inflammatory stimuli. Selectins (P, E and L)(More)
BACKGROUND Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) are increasingly used in humans; however, their impact is now questioned. At blastocyst stage, the trophectoderm is directly in contact with an artificial medium environment, which can impact placental development. This study was designed to carry out an in-depth analysis of the placental transcriptome(More)
Idiopathic Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS) is characterized by azoospermia, small testes, absence of germ cells in the testes, elevated follicle stimulating hormone and normal testosterone concentrations. The Y-chromosome is involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis and in the pathogenesis of a fraction of idiopathic male infertility. An azoospermia(More)
A genetic etiology has been recently proposed for some severe forms of idiopathic male infertility and a region of the Y chromosome long arm (Yq) defined AZF is thought to be critical for the regulation of spermatogenesis. To date, two genes, YRRM and DAZ, have been identified in AZF, but the actual relationship between genotype and phenotype related to AZF(More)
Microdeletions of the long arm of the human Y chromosome are associated with spermatogenic failure and have been used to define three regions of Yq (AZFa, AZFb, and AZFc) that are recurrently deleted in infertile males. In a blind study we screened 131 infertile males (46 idiopathic and 85 nonidiopathic) for Y chromosome microdeletions. Nineteen percent of(More)
Epidemiological evidence has revealed that an elevated plasma homocysteine level (hyperhomocysteinemia) confers an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and neural tube defects. Hyperhomocysteinemia is caused by both nutritional (e.g. folate, vitamins B(6) and B(12)) and genetic factors, including functional polymorphisms of key enzymes involved in(More)
The testis-determining gene SRY (sex determining region, Y) is located on the short arm of the Y chromosome and consists of a single exon, the central third of which is predicted to encode a conserved motif with DNA binding/bending properties. We describe the screening of 26 patients who presented with 46,XY partial or complete gonadal dysgenesis for(More)
P-selectin is a cellular adhesion molecule that may be involved in the development of atherosclerosis and its complications. We have previously identified thirteen polymorphisms of the P-selectin gene among which five were located in the coding region of the gene (S290N, N562D, V599L, T715P, T741T (A/G)). These polymorphisms were tested individually for(More)
The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to exert an important role during implantation, placental development, and fetal growth control in mice. Its expression is closely related to the nutritional status in several tissues such as in the nervous system. In a previous study, we demonstrated that maternal undernutrition (MU), during the(More)
BACKGROUND A case-control association study was conducted to investigate a possible involvement of polymorphisms of three renin-angiotensin system genes: ACE (I/D and T-3892C), AGT (M235T and T174M), and AT1R (A1166C) in the early development of hypertension. METHODS One hundred nineteen hypertensive and 125 normotensive participants aged 18 to 40 years(More)