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BACKGROUND Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) are increasingly used in humans; however, their impact is now questioned. At blastocyst stage, the trophectoderm is directly in contact with an artificial medium environment, which can impact placental development. This study was designed to carry out an in-depth analysis of the placental transcriptome(More)
P-selectin is a cellular adhesion molecule that may be involved in the development of atherosclerosis and its complications. We have previously identified thirteen polymorphisms of the P-selectin gene among which five were located in the coding region of the gene (S290N, N562D, V599L, T715P, T741T (A/G)). These polymorphisms were tested individually for(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in STOX1 were proposed to be causal for predisposing to preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder originating from placental defects, affecting up to 10% of human pregnancies. However, after the first study published in 2005 three other groups have dismissed the polymorphism described in the first paper as a causal mutation. METHODOLOGY(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-18 plays a key role in atherosclerosis and its complications. The present study investigated the genetic variability of 4 genes of the IL-18 system-IL18, IL18R1, IL18RAP, and IL18BP-in relation to circulating IL-18 levels and cardiovascular mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-two polymorphisms were genotyped in 1288 patients(More)
Genomic imprinting characterizes genes with a monoallelic expression, which is dependent on the parental origin of each allele. Approximately 150 imprinted genes are known to date, in humans and mice but, though computational searches have tried to extract intrinsic characteristics of these genes to identify new ones, the existing list is probably far from(More)
A low-protein diet applied during pregnancy in the rat results in intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses. In humans, IUGR is associated with increased perinatal morbidity, higher incidence of neuro-developmental defects and increased risk of adult metabolic anomalies, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Development and function of many(More)
Linkage disequilibrium (LD) is the central concept of genetic association studies. Although LD has been shown not to be uniformly distributed across the genome, limited information is available about the characteristics of LD within candidate genes at large. We screened coding and regulatory regions of 50 candidate genes for cardiovascular diseases and(More)
SERPINA3 (Serpin peptidase inhibitor clade A member 3), also known as a1-antichymotrypsin, is a serine protease inhibitor involved in a wide range of biological processes. Recently, it has been shown to be up-regulated in human placental diseases in association with a hypomethylation of the 5' region of the gene. In the present study, we show that the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently become essential actors in various fields of physiology and medicine, especially as easily accessible circulating biomarkers, or as modulators of cell differentiation. To this respect, terminal differentiation of trophoblasts (the characteristic cells of the placenta in Therian mammals) into syncytiotrophoblast, villous(More)