Sandrine Ah-Leung

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Peanuts are one of the most common and severe food allergens. Nevertheless, the occurrence of peanut allergy varies between countries and depends on both the exposure and the way peanuts are consumed. Processing is known to influence the allergenicity of peanut proteins. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of thermal processing on the IgE-binding(More)
BACKGROUND The use of probiotics such as Lactococcus lactis and other lactic acid bacteria (LAB) has been proposed for the management of food allergy. However, no experimental study has clearly demonstrated any preventive or therapeutic inhibition of an allergen-specific IgE response. OBJECTIVE We aimed to study the immunomodulatory effect of recombinant(More)
BACKGROUND The development of animal models developing specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E presenting the same specificity as human IgE and similar clinical symptoms as those observed in allergic patients are of great interest for the understanding of mechanisms involved in the induction and regulation of food allergy. METHODS Balb/c female mice were sensitized(More)
We recently demonstrated that noninvasive food-grade Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis) can deliver eukaryotic expression plasmid in mammalian cells in vitro. Here, we evaluated, in vivo, whether a eukaryotic expression plasmid carried by lactococci can translocate to the epithelial cells of the intestinal membrane. The strain LL(pLIG:BLG1) carrying one plasmid(More)
BACKGROUND Food allergens have been evidenced in breast milk under physiological conditions, but the kinetic and the role of this passage in food allergies are still unclear. We then aimed to analyze the passage of peanut allergens in human breast milk and their allergenicity/immunomodulatory properties. METHODS Human breast milk was collected from two(More)
The Th1/Th2 balance deregulation toward a Th2 immune response plays a central role in allergy. We previously demonstrated that administration of recombinant Lactococcus lactis strains expressing bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), a major cow's milk allergen, partially prevents mice from sensitization. In the present study, we aimed to improve this preventive(More)
BACKGROUND In the last years, the use of probiotics such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) has been proposed as an attractive alternative for the management of allergic diseases. A partial prevention from sensitization to bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), one of the major cows' milk allergens, could be achieved in mice after intranasal administration with a(More)
The immunomodulatory potential of fragments derived from the cow's milk allergen bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) was assessed in a mouse model of oral tolerance (OT) [Adel-Patient, K.; Wavrin, S.; Bernard, H.; Meziti, N.; Ah-Leung, S.; Wal, J. M. Oral tolerance and Treg cells are induced in BALB/c mice after gavage with bovine β-lactoglobulin. Allergy 2011, 66(More)
Because of their intrinsic immunomodulatory properties, some lactic acid bacteria were reported to modulate allergic immune responses in mice and humans. We recently developed recombinant strains of Lactobacillus casei that produce beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), a major cow's milk allergen. Here, we investigated immunomodulatory potency of intranasal and oral(More)
We developed a mouse model of allergy to wheat flour gliadins, a protein fraction containing major wheat allergens. We compared the antibody responses (i.e., specific IgE and IgG1) and the profiles of cytokines secreted by reactivated splenocytes induced after intraperitoneal injections of gliadins in three strains of mice, namely, Balb/cJ, B10.A, and(More)