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Peanuts are one of the most common and severe food allergens. Nevertheless, the occurrence of peanut allergy varies between countries and depends on both the exposure and the way peanuts are consumed. Processing is known to influence the allergenicity of peanut proteins. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of thermal processing on the IgE-binding(More)
BACKGROUND The development of animal models developing specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E presenting the same specificity as human IgE and similar clinical symptoms as those observed in allergic patients are of great interest for the understanding of mechanisms involved in the induction and regulation of food allergy. METHODS Balb/c female mice were sensitized(More)
Because of their intrinsic immunomodulatory properties, some lactic acid bacteria were reported to modulate allergic immune responses in mice and humans. We recently developed recombinant strains of Lactobacillus casei that produce beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), a major cow's milk allergen. Here, we investigated immunomodulatory potency of intranasal and oral(More)
We developed a mouse model of allergy to wheat flour gliadins, a protein fraction containing major wheat allergens. We compared the antibody responses (i.e., specific IgE and IgG1) and the profiles of cytokines secreted by reactivated splenocytes induced after intraperitoneal injections of gliadins in three strains of mice, namely, Balb/cJ, B10.A, and(More)
BACKGROUND The use of probiotics such as Lactococcus lactis and other lactic acid bacteria (LAB) has been proposed for the management of food allergy. However, no experimental study has clearly demonstrated any preventive or therapeutic inhibition of an allergen-specific IgE response. OBJECTIVE We aimed to study the immunomodulatory effect of recombinant(More)
We recently demonstrated that noninvasive food-grade Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis) can deliver eukaryotic expression plasmid in mammalian cells in vitro. Here, we evaluated, in vivo, whether a eukaryotic expression plasmid carried by lactococci can translocate to the epithelial cells of the intestinal membrane. The strain LL(pLIG:BLG1) carrying one plasmid(More)
We have investigated the immunological and metabolomic impacts of Cry1Ab administration to mice, either as a purified protein or as the Cry1Ab-expressing genetically modified (GM) MON810 maize. Humoral and cellular specific immune responses induced in BALB/cJ mice after intra-gastric (i.g.) or intra-peritoneal (i.p.) administration of purified Cry1Ab were(More)
BACKGROUND Cow's milk (CM) allergy is the most frequent cause of food allergy in infants. Most children who are allergic to CM are also sensitized to whey proteins and/or to the casein fraction and many of them cannot tolerate goat's or sheep's milk (GSM) either. Conversely, the GSM allergies that are not associated with allergic cross-reactivity to CM are(More)
BACKGROUND Food allergens have been evidenced in breast milk under physiological conditions, but the kinetic and the role of this passage in food allergies are still unclear. We then aimed to analyze the passage of peanut allergens in human breast milk and their allergenicity/immunomodulatory properties. METHODS Human breast milk was collected from two(More)
Atopy patch tests (APTs) allow the detection of delayed allergies at the skin level. The localization of β-lactoglobulin delivered into the skin by an innovative ready-to-use APT (E-patch®) was investigated and the efficacy and safety of this device were assessed. The E-patch® containing β-lactoglobulin was placed for 24 h in contact with hairless rat skin(More)