Sandra Woodrow

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Mutations in the presenilin-1 gene (PS-1) on chromosome 14 are causative for early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to study the localization of PS-1 in human brain, a polyclonal antibody, SB63, against a N-terminal epitope of PS-1 (25VRSQNDNRERQEHND40), was raised in rabbits and characterized. Immunolabeling with SB63 of formalin-fixed(More)
Synaptosomes from rat forebrain were analyzed for the presence of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins by immunoblotting with antiphosphotyrosine antibodies. Using this technique, 10-11 phosphotyrosine-containing proteins were detected. Depolarization of synaptosomes by transfer to a high (41 mM) K+ medium resulted in increases in the phosphotyrosine content(More)
Some cases of Alzheimer's disease are inherited as a dominant trait in humans. To date, mutations in three genes account for some of them: the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilins 1 and 2 (PS-1 and PS-2, respectively). The function of the presenilins is still unclear, although they belong to a transmembrane protein-gene family, probably involved(More)
The induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses to viral proteins is thought to be an essential component of protective immunity against viral infections. Methods for generating such responses in a reproducible manner would be of great value in vaccine development. We demonstrate here that the recombinant antigen-presentation system based on the(More)
The group I (Der p 1) allergen of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (house dust mite, HDM) contains several T helper (Th) epitopes recognized by C57BL/6 mice, with the peptide (111-139) containing a dominant MHC class II-restricted epitope (113-127). Since CD8+ T cells are thought to play a role in the regulation of allergic disease, we examined the Der p 1(More)
We have previously described the generation of HIV-1 V3-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) responses in BALB/c (H-2d) mice following immunization with Ty-virus-like particles carrying the V3 loop of gp120 (V3-VLPs) without adjuvant. In this study the effects of various adjuvants on CTL induction by V3-VLPs was examined. Mice immunized with V3-VLPs(More)
Proteolytic processing and degradation tightly regulate the amount of stable, functional presenilin 1 (PSEN1) in the cell. The approximately 46-kDa PSEN1 holoprotein is cleaved into a approximately 30-kDa N-terminal fragment (NTF) and a approximately 20-kDa C-terminal fragment (CTF) by an unknown protease. The fragments are stabilized in a high molecular(More)
Incubation of hexadecameric glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Scenedesmus obliquus with dithiothreitol caused a transient increase in NADPH-dependent activity. When ATP was also included in the incubation, the induced NADPH-dependent activity was stabilised. The rate of induction of NADPH-dependent activity increased hyperbolically with respect to(More)
The glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity of extracts from heterotrophic Scenedesmus obliquus was linked predominantly to NADH. However, on DEAE-cellulose chromatography the enzyme was eluted by a gradient of phosphate in a form characterized by high NADPH-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. This interconversion of(More)
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