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The Human Connectome Project (HCP) is an ambitious 5-year effort to characterize brain connectivity and function and their variability in healthy adults. This review summarizes the data acquisition plans being implemented by a consortium of HCP investigators who will study a population of 1200 subjects (twins and their non-twin siblings) using multiple(More)
The primary goal of the Human Connectome Project (HCP) is to delineate the typical patterns of structural and functional connectivity in the healthy adult human brain. However, we know that there are important individual differences in such patterns of connectivity, with evidence that this variability is associated with alterations in important cognitive(More)
The Human Connectome Project (HCP) is a major endeavor that will acquire and analyze connectivity data plus other neuroimaging, behavioral, and genetic data from 1,200 healthy adults. It will serve as a key resource for the neuroscience research community, enabling discoveries of how the brain is wired and how it functions in different individuals. To(More)
Hepatic enzyme inducers such as phenobarbital are often nongenotoxic rodent hepatocarcinogens. Currently, nongenotoxic hepatocarcinogens can only be definitively identified through costly and extensive long-term, repeat-dose studies (e.g., 2-year rodent carcinogenicity assays). Although liver tumors caused by these compounds are often not found to be(More)
This study, designed and conducted as part of the International Life Sciences Institute working group on the Application of Genomics and Proteomics, examined the changes in the expression profile of genes associated with the administration of three different nephrotoxicants--cisplatin, gentamicin, and puromycin--to assess the usefulness of microarrays in(More)
The Human Connectome Project (HCP) has developed protocols, standard operating and quality control procedures, and a suite of informatics tools to enable high throughput data collection, data sharing, automated data processing and analysis, and data mining and visualization. Quality control procedures include methods to maintain data collection consistency(More)
The Adh locus in Drosophila species which are members of the repleta group contains products of one or two duplication events. In all species examined to date one of the Adh genes is now a pseudogene, since mutations have rendered these genes incapable of being translated into a functional alcohol dehydrogenase. These pseudogenes contain introns in the(More)
The important role that elastin plays in the development and proper function of lung has long been recognized. Also, the intimate connection between pulmonary emphysema and the destruction of alveolar elastin has been well established. Understanding the mechanisms regulating pulmonary elastin synthesis is crucial to fully understanding these normal and(More)
Peroxisome proliferators such as the fibrates act via the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha as hypolipidemic agents. Many peroxisome proliferators are also nongenotoxic hepatic carcinogens and hepatotoxicants in rodents. We performed transcription profiling using cDNA microarrays on livers of rats treated for 5 days with 3 doses of the(More)
The remarkable technologic and methodologic advances spurred on by the Human Genome Project are being applied throughout the life sciences. In the field of toxicology, high-resolution assays now make it possible to discover virtually all the differences in gene expression brought on by exposure to a particular xenobiotic. There are 2 principal approaches(More)