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We demonstrate that uptake of the antimalarial drug chloroquine is temperature-dependent, saturable, and inhibitable in Plasmodium falciparum. These features are indicative of carrier-mediated transport and suggest that a P. falciparum-encoded protein facilitates chloroquine import. Although both chloroquine-resistant and susceptible parasite isolates(More)
Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells originate from the renal collecting duct and consist of different cell subtypes. We cloned two MDCK cell subtypes denominated as C7 and C11 with different morphology and different function. The two clones maintained their functional differences after cloning. C7 monolayers exhibit a high transepithelial resistance (Rte(More)
In different cardiovascular disease states, oxidative stress decreases the bioavailability of endothelial NO, resulting in endothelial dysfunction. An important molecular source of reactive oxygen species is the enzyme family of NAD(P)H oxidases (Nox). Here we provide evidence that the vascular Nox isoforms Nox1 and Nox4 appear to be involved in vascular(More)
1. The mineralocorticoid aldosterone is essential for the regulation of electrolyte homeostasis, extracellular volume and blood pressure. As a steroid hormone the classical way of action is genomic. Previously we reported a non-genomic action of aldosterone on cytosolic Ca2+ and pH in renal epithelial (MDCK) cells. In parallel, aldosterone induces(More)
The spliced leader (SL) RNA plays a key role in mRNA maturation in trypanosomatid protozoa by providing the SL sequence, which is joined to the 5' end of every mRNA. As a first step towards a better understanding of the biogenesis and function of the SL RNA, we expressed a tagged SL RNA gene in a cell-free system of procyclic Trypanosoma brucei cells.(More)
We isolated two cell clones from the wild-type Madin-Darby canine kidney cell line (MDCK) that resembles renal collecting duct epithelium. Morphology and karyotypes of the two cell clones were evaluated. The MDCK-C7 cell clone morphologically resembles principal cells (polygonal cell shape, flat), while the MDCK-C11 clone resembles intercalated cells(More)
Plasmodium falciparum var genes encode a diverse family of proteins, located on the surfaces of infected erythrocytes, which are implicated in the pathology of human malaria through antigenic variation and adhesion of infected erythrocytes to the microvasculature. We have constructed a complete representative telomere-to-telomere yeast artificial chromosome(More)
Ecdysteroids play an important role in the larval moulting process of insects. 20-Hydroxyecdysone (20E) causes the induction of specific 'puffs' in polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster salivary gland cells. Although it is known that inorganic ions control pretranscriptional processes in the cell nucleus, the intracellular mechanisms of gene(More)
The GTP-dependent restriction enzyme McrBC consists of two polypeptides: one (McrB) that is responsible for GTP binding and hydrolysis as well as DNA binding and another (McrC) that is responsible for DNA cleavage. It recognizes two methylated or hemimethylated RC sites (R(m)C) at a distance of approximately 30 to more than 2000 base pairs and cleaves the(More)
Condensation of chromatin depends upon the ion composition in the cell nucleus. We tested in isolated nuclei of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells the influence of various ions on nuclear volume (i. e. DNA packing) and intranuclear voltage. After isolation, nuclei were superfused with cytosolic solutions in which Na+, K+, Ca2+ and H+ ions were varied. With(More)