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PURPOSE The adoptive transfer of in vitro generated tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) provides a promising approach to the immunotherapy of cancer. A phase I study was conducted to test the feasibility, safety, and survival of adoptively transferred Melan-A-specific CTL lines in melanoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eleven HLA-A2+(More)
Adoptive T cell therapy has been successfully used for treatment of viral and malignant diseases. However, little is known about the fate and trafficking of transferred Ag-specific T cells. Using the tetramer (TM) technology which allows for detection and quantification of Ag-specific CTL, we assessed the frequency of circulating Melan-A-specific CTL in(More)
Tumor-reactive T cells play an important role in cancer immunosurveillance. Applying the multimer technology, we report here an unexpected high frequency of Melan-A-specific CTLs in a melanoma patient with progressive lymph node metastases, consisting of 18 and 12.8% of total peripheral blood and tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells, respectively.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of the study presented here was to evaluate the basal and stimulated phagocytic activities and the metabolite production of isolated perfused livers, and also the phagocytic capacity of cultured Kupffer cells from rats with macronodular cirrhosis. METHODS Rats were made cirrhotic by oral administration of thioacetamide. The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Under pathological conditions the nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-mediated nitric oxide production of sinusoidal endothelial cells might be altered. Therefore, studies were performed to evaluate the nitrite formation by cultured sinusoidal endothelial cells from rat livers chronically injured by thioacetamide and the effect of endogenously or(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Liver macrophages play an essential role in necro-inflammatory liver damage which leads to fibrosis and cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to compare the mediator release and the DNA synthesis of macrophages at an early and at a later stage of liver cirrhosis induced by thioacetamide. METHODS Liver macrophages were isolated by an(More)
A method to isolate and cultivate macrophages from Macronodular-cirrhotic rat livers was developed in order to characterize them biochemically, by comparing various functional parameters in macrophage cell cultures from controls and cirrhotic livers. Cells were prepared from female Wistar rats, made cirrhotic by treatment with thioacetamide, by means of a(More)
The adoptive transfer of in vitro induced and expanded tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) provides a promising approach to the immunotherpy of cancer. We have previously shown that Melan-A-specific CTL can be generated from HLA-A2.1+ melanoma patients by 4 rounds of in vitro stimulation of purified CD8+ T cells with autologous dendritic(More)
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