Sandra Villanueva

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Ischemia-induced acute renal failure (ARF) is a disorder with high morbidity and mortality. ARF is characterized by a regeneration phase, yet its molecular basis is still under study. Changes in gene expression have been reported in ARF, and some of these genes are specific for nephrogenic processes. We tested the hypothesis that the regeneration process(More)
The neural crest is a unique cell population induced at the lateral border of the neural plate. Neural crest is not produced at the anterior border of the neural plate, which is fated to become forebrain. Here, the roles of BMPs, FGFs, Wnts, and retinoic acid signaling in neural crest induction were analyzed by using an assay developed for investigating the(More)
We studied the effects of nitric oxide (NO) released by NO donors on cat carotid body (CB) chemosensory activity during normoxia and hypoxia. CBs excised from pentobarbital sodium-anaesthetized cats were perfused with Tyrode at 38 degrees C and pH 7.40. The frequency of chemosensory discharges (f(x)) was recorded from the carotid sinus nerve, and changes of(More)
CKD (chronic kidney disease) has become a public health problem. The therapeutic approaches have been able to reduce proteinuria, but have not been successful in limiting disease progression. In this setting, cell therapies associated with regenerative effects are attracting increasing interest. We evaluated the effect of MSC (mesenchymal stem cells) on the(More)
Therapeutic approaches for CKD (chronic kidney disease) have been able to reduce proteinuria, but not diminish the disease progression. We have demonstrated beneficial effects by injection of BM (bone marrow)-derived MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) from healthy donors in a rat model with CKD. However, it has recently been reported that BM-MSCs derived from(More)
The chemical nature of the central transmitter responsible for fast excitatory events and other related phenomena is analysed against the historical background that has progressively clarified the structure and function of central synapses. One of the problems posed by research in this field has been whether one or more of the numerous excitatory substances(More)
It has been proposed that nitric oxide (NO) is an inhibitory modulator of carotid body (CB) chemoreception to hypoxia. However, the effects of NO gas on carotid chemoreception have not been tested yet. The role played by NO has been revealed by the use of pharmacological tools (i.e., NO donors and NO synthase inhibitors). Here, we studied the effects of NO(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are now known to display not only stem cell multipotency, but also robust antiinflammatory and regenerative properties. After widespread in-vitro and in-vivo preclinical testing, autologous and allogeneic MSCs have been applied in a range of immune mediated conditions, including graft versus host disease, Crohn's disease,(More)
The current hypothesis postulates that NFAT5 activation in the kidney's inner medulla is due to hypertonicity, resulting in cell protection. Additionally, the renal medulla is hypoxic (10-18 mmHg); however there is no information about the effect of hypoxia on NFAT5. Using in vivo and in vitro models, we evaluated the effect of reducing the partial pressure(More)
Recovery from acute renal failure (ARF) requires the replacement of injured cells with new cells that restore tubule epithelial integrity. We described recently the expression of a wide range of nephrogenic proteins in tubular cells after ARF induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) (Villanueva S, Cespedes C, and Vio CP. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol(More)