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In this study, we succeeded in differentiating Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus, and Lactobacillus paraplantarum by means of recA gene sequence comparison. Short homologous regions of about 360 bp were amplified by PCR with degenerate consensus primers, sequenced, and analyzed, and 322 bp were considered for the inference of phylogenetic(More)
Strains of Lactobacillus salivarius are increasingly employed as probiotic agents for humans or animals. Despite the diversity of environmental sources from which they have been isolated, the genomic diversity of L. salivarius has been poorly characterized, and the implications of this diversity for strain selection have not been examined. To tackle this,(More)
Rapid identification and detection of Oenococcus oeni was achieved by species-specific PCR. Two primers flanking a 1025 bp region of the O. oeni gene encoding the malolactic enzyme were designed. The expected DNA amplificate was obtained only when purified DNA from O. oeni was used. The identity of PCR product was confirmed by nested PCR and restriction(More)
Coeliac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the small intestinal mucosa. Scientific evidence supports a role of the gut microbiota in chronic inflammatory disorders; yet information is not specifically available for CD. In this study, a comparative denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of faecal samples from coeliac children and(More)
In this study, PCR-based procedures were developed to detect the occurrence and quantify the expression of the tyrosine decarboxylase gene (tdc) in gram-positive bacteria associated with fermented foods. Consensus primers were used in conventional and reverse transcription PCR to analyze a collection of 87 pure cultures of lactic acid bacteria and(More)
The aim of this research was to genetically and technologically characterize Candida zemplinina strains isolated from different sources of enological interest. Phenotypic and genotypic subtyping, as well as enological characterization, were carried out on 36 C. zemplinina isolates collected from grapes, must and wines of different regions of Italy. RAPD-PCR(More)
Two high-resolution genotypic techniques (RAPD-PCR and AFLP) were evaluated for their possibility to discriminate the species Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactobacillus paraplantarum and to type these taxa at the infra-species level. In total 23 strains of L. plantarum, three strains of L. pentosus, two strains of L. paraplantarum and(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus is a lactic acid bacteria (LAB) widely used in milk fermentation processes as a starter culture. In this work the genetic diversity of S. thermophilus isolates from different sources was analyzed using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprinting (AFLP). Since this is the first report that indicates the application of(More)
This study evaluated the influence of parameters relevant for cheese making on histamine formation by Streptococcus thermophilus. Strains possessing a histidine decarboxylase (hdcA) gene represented 6% of the dairy isolates screened. The most histaminogenic, S. thermophilus PRI60, exhibited in skim milk a high basal level of expression of hdcA, upregulation(More)
Sixty-three strains of the taxonomically related species Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, L. plantarum subsp. argentoratensis, L. paraplantarum and L. pentosus isolated from sourdoughs and other food and non-food sources and 14 strains of other members of the genus Lactobacillus were screened for their tolerance of acid, alkaline, heat, oxidative,(More)