Learn More
In this study, we succeeded in differentiating Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus, and Lactobacillus paraplantarum by means of recA gene sequence comparison. Short homologous regions of about 360 bp were amplified by PCR with degenerate consensus primers, sequenced, and analyzed, and 322 bp were considered for the inference of phylogenetic(More)
In this study, PCR-based procedures were developed to detect the occurrence and quantify the expression of the tyrosine decarboxylase gene (tdc) in gram-positive bacteria associated with fermented foods. Consensus primers were used in conventional and reverse transcription PCR to analyze a collection of 87 pure cultures of lactic acid bacteria and(More)
Reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) and real-time RT-PCR assays have been used to detect and quantify actin mRNA from yeasts and molds. Universal primers were designed based on the available fungal actin sequences, and by RT-PCR they amplified a specific 353-bp fragment from fungal species involved in food spoilage. From experiments on heat-treated cells,(More)
Strains of Lactobacillus salivarius are increasingly employed as probiotic agents for humans or animals. Despite the diversity of environmental sources from which they have been isolated, the genomic diversity of L. salivarius has been poorly characterized, and the implications of this diversity for strain selection have not been examined. To tackle this,(More)
Two high-resolution genotypic techniques (RAPD-PCR and AFLP) were evaluated for their possibility to discriminate the species Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactobacillus paraplantarum and to type these taxa at the infra-species level. In total 23 strains of L. plantarum, three strains of L. pentosus, two strains of L. paraplantarum and(More)
Coeliac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the small intestinal mucosa. Scientific evidence supports a role of the gut microbiota in chronic inflammatory disorders; yet information is not specifically available for CD. In this study, a comparative denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of faecal samples from coeliac children and(More)
The diversity and dynamics of the microbial communities during the manufacturing of Ragusano cheese, an artisanal cheese produced in Sicily (Italy), were investigated by a combination of classical and culture-independent approaches. The latter included PCR, reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR), and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rRNA(More)
Rapid identification and detection of Oenococcus oeni was achieved by species-specific PCR. Two primers flanking a 1025 bp region of the O. oeni gene encoding the malolactic enzyme were designed. The expected DNA amplificate was obtained only when purified DNA from O. oeni was used. The identity of PCR product was confirmed by nested PCR and restriction(More)
Four strains isolated from Indian dairy products and initially identified as Lactobacillus delbrueckii could not be assigned to a definite subspecies because molecular identification and phenotypic traits did not agree with those of recognized subspecies of L. delbrueckii. Hybridization of total DNA (78-86 % against type strains of the other three(More)
The aim of this research was to genetically and technologically characterize Candida zemplinina strains isolated from different sources of enological interest. Phenotypic and genotypic subtyping, as well as enological characterization, were carried out on 36 C. zemplinina isolates collected from grapes, must and wines of different regions of Italy. RAPD-PCR(More)