Sandra Thoumire

Learn More
Early development in canine species follows a very specific pattern. Oocytes are ovulated at the germinal vesicle stage and meiotic resumption occurs in the oviduct. However, because of difficulties in the accurate determination of ovulation time and in the observation of oocyte nuclear stage by light microscopy, these early events have not been fully(More)
The aim of the present study was to describe the canine oocyte ultrastructural modifications during in vivo maturation, with precise reference to the timing of the LH surge and of ovulation. Twenty-five bitches were ovariectomized at specific stages between the onset of proestrus and the fifth day post-ovulation: 65 oocytes were observed by transmission(More)
This study was designed to describe the follicular population present on the canine ovary (Canis familiaris) during the preovulatory period and essentially the changes in oocyte size, mucification, and chromatin configuration occurring from before the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge up to postovulation. In a first experiment, ovaries of beagle bitches were(More)
The IGF system plays a crucial role in ovarian folliculogenesis, and changes in IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) levels modulate IGF bioavailability. Data from various mammalian models suggest a link between body size, IGF1 in serum and female reproduction parameters. Among the vertebrate species, the dog exhibits the widest span in body height. Height is known(More)
In order to better understand the pituitary regulation of follicular growth in the domestic cat, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) receptors (R) were localized and quantified in relation to follicle diameter and atresia using in situ ligand binding on ovarian sections. Expression of FSHR was homogeneous and restricted to(More)
In contrast to endometritis, now diagnosed by cytological examination, the effect of endocervical inflammation on reproductive performance has been inadequately investigated. In this study, endocervical and endometrial cytological specimens were collected from 168 Holstein cows between 21 and 60 days in milk (DIM) to investigate the prevalence of(More)
Reproductive physiology in dogs is quite unusual compared with that in other mammalian species. The peculiarities include the presence of numerous polyoocyte follicles, the ovulation of an immature oocyte (GV stage, non-fertilizable) and a peri-ovulatory period during which concentrations of circulating progesterone are particularly high. The aim of this(More)
The biology of the canine oocyte is unusual compared with that of other mammalian females. The present paper reviews both in vivo and in vitro specificities of canine oocytes. Final follicular growth in the bitch is characterised by an early appearance of LH binding sites in the granulosa, a high proportion of polyovular follicles and a preovulatory(More)
Canine embryos are a scarce biological material because of difficulties in collecting in vivo-produced embryos and the inability, to date, to produce canine embryos in vitro. The procedure for the transfer of in vivo-produced embryos has not been developed adequately, with only six attempts reported in the literature that have resulted in the birth of 45(More)
In the female dog, in contrast with most mammals, the growing follicle starts to luteinise several days before ovulation. Little is known about the physiological control of the final follicular growth in this species. In order to better understand the pituitary regulation of follicular growth, specific binding sites for FSH and LH were localised and(More)