Sandra Sobočanec

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Increased oxygen concentration (hyperoxia) induces oxidative damage of tissues and organs. Oxygen toxicity in hyperoxia is controlled by factors such as sex, age, tissue, strain and hormones. In most species females show lower incidence of some age-related pathologies linked with oxidative stress, which has been attributed to a beneficial effect of ovarian(More)
Oxidative modification of lipids, proteins and DNA by reactive oxygen species in the organism and imbalance between the concentrations of free radicals and the antioxidant defenses may be related to processes such as aging and diseases (cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, cancer, etc.). Although the relationship between oxidant status and antioxidant defence(More)
Endomorphins are newly discovered mu-opioid receptor selective immunocompetent opioid peptides. Endomorphin 1 is predominantly distributed in brain, while endomorphin 2 is widely allocated in the spinal cord. Lately, endomorphins have been investigated as modulators of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Nitric oxide is short lived radical involved in(More)
BACKGROUND We have explored sex differences in ability to maintain redox balance during acute oxidative stress in brains of mice. We aimed to determine if there were differences in oxidative/antioxidative status upon hyperoxia in brains of reproductively senescent CBA/H mice in order to elucidate some of the possible mechanisms of lifespan regulation.(More)
Endomorphins 1 and 2 are newly discovered opioid tetrapeptides whose structure is more resistant to enzymatic degradation than that of other opioid peptides. Endomorphins 1 and 2 are considered as endogenous ligands with a high affinity for mu receptors. A number of studies have shown that opioid peptides per se can induce release of nitric oxide from(More)
We have previously shown that methionine-enkephalin (MENK) differentially alters the production of superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) from neutrophils of different donors. This effect could be due to variable activity of proteolytic enzymes involved in the degradation of this neuropeptide. In this study, we investigated the possible association between the effect(More)
In cells living under optimal conditions, protein folding defects are usually prevented by the action of chaperones. Here, we investigate the cell-wide consequences of loss of chaperone function in cytosol, mitochondria or the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in budding yeast. We find that the decline in chaperone activity in each compartment results in loss of(More)
It has been shown in animal models that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhi-bitors (TIMPs) are responsible for remodelling and neovascularization of the diseased cornea. Under normal conditions, MMPs are expressed at relatively low levels, which may increase in case of different corneal diseases. In this paper we have investigated gene(More)
A number of age-related diseases have a low incidence in females, which is attributed to a protective effect of sex hormones. For instance, the female sex hormone estrogen (E2) has a well established cytoprotective effect against oxidative stress, which strongly contributes to ageing. However, the mechanism by which E2 exerts its protective activity remains(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether treatment of male CBA/H mice with 17β-estradiol (E2) had protective effect on survival and hepatic oxidative damage of lipids and proteins against hyperoxia. Furthermore, we wanted to explore the effect of E2 treatment on the expression of sex-specific cytochrome P450 isoforms, and their possible involvement in(More)