Sandra Sigala

Learn More
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is well characterized for its neurotrophic actions on peripheral sensory and sympathetic neurons and on central cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain. Recent evidence, however, has shown high levels of NGF to be present in a variety of biological fluids after inflammatory and autoimmune responses, suggesting that NGF is a(More)
Two different human prolactinoma phenotypes (responders and nonresponders), which are distinguished by different tumorigenic potential and different responsiveness to dopaminergic therapy, have recently been identified. Responders show low proliferation rate, low tumorigenic potential, and expression of D-2 receptors for dopamine (DA), while nonresponders(More)
The effects of L-alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC) on scopolamine-induced memory impairment and on brain acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis and release were investigated in rats. Oral administration of alpha-GPC 3 h before the behavioural test prevented the learning impairment induced by scopolamine given 30 min before the acquisition of a passive(More)
Evidence indicate that it is difficult to obtain specific antibodies to G protein-coupled receptors and different technical difficulties may allow the generation of antibodies that lack specificity. We conducted experiments to validate the specificity of commercially available antibodies raised against dopamine (DA) receptors hD1, hD4, and hD5 using a(More)
There is now clinical evidence that l-sulpiride has antidepressant effects when administered at low, non-neuroleptic doses. Down-regulation of beta-receptor-linked adenylate cyclase is a well-documented adaptive response to chronic administration of antidepressant drugs. In this study, we investigated dopamine receptor and beta-adrenoceptor changes induced(More)
AIM Several studies have proposed a role for alpha1 adrenoceptors (ARs) in ureteral physiology, indicating that they are present in the ureter; however, few studies have been done to identify alpha1 AR subtypes present in this area. Thus, this study was carried out to characterize the alpha1 AR subtype gene and protein expression in proximal, medial, and(More)
Accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the main event leading to the induction of the ER stress-related unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent postmortem evaluation, showing that the UPR pathway is activated in nigral dopaminergic neurons bearing α-synuclein inclusions in the brain of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients,(More)
Clinical and pharmacological evidence suggests that several neurotransmitters are involved in the control of the esophageal motility; in fact, besides the well known cholinergic and sympathetic innervation, Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide (VIP)-containing fibers as well as dopamine (DA)-containing nerve endings have been identified within the esophageal(More)
Activation of the nuclear factor κB/c-Rel can increase neuronal resilience to pathological noxae by regulating the expression of pro-survival manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD, now known as SOD2) and Bcl-xL genes. We show here that c-Rel-deficient (c-rel(-/-)) mice developed a Parkinson's disease-like neuropathology with ageing. At 18 months of age,(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is known to play a role as a circulating neurokine, integrating signals from the neuro-immuno-endocrine system. The ability of NGF to activate the pituitary-adrenocortical axis, together with the increase of its serum concentration in pregnancy and lactation, supports the hypothesis that NGF is secreted by the pituitary gland and(More)