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Accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the main event leading to the induction of the ER stress-related unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent postmortem evaluation, showing that the UPR pathway is activated in nigral dopaminergic neurons bearing α-synuclein inclusions in the brain of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients,(More)
The effects of L-alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC) on scopolamine-induced memory impairment and on brain acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis and release were investigated in rats. Oral administration of alpha-GPC 3 h before the behavioural test prevented the learning impairment induced by scopolamine given 30 min before the acquisition of a passive(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is well characterized for its neurotrophic actions on peripheral sensory and sympathetic neurons and on central cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain. Recent evidence, however, has shown high levels of NGF to be present in a variety of biological fluids after inflammatory and autoimmune responses, suggesting that NGF is a(More)
Activation of the nuclear factor κB/c-Rel can increase neuronal resilience to pathological noxae by regulating the expression of pro-survival manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD, now known as SOD2) and Bcl-xL genes. We show here that c-Rel-deficient (c-rel(-/-)) mice developed a Parkinson's disease-like neuropathology with ageing. At 18 months of age,(More)
Activation of the nuclear factor jB/c-Rel can increase neuronal resilience to pathological noxae by regulating the expression of pro-survival manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD, now known as SOD2) and Bcl-xL genes. We show here that c-Rel-deficient (c-rel À / À) mice developed a Parkinson's disease-like neuropathology with ageing. At 18 months of age,(More)
There is now clinical evidence that l-sulpiride has antidepressant effects when administered at low, non-neuroleptic doses. Down-regulation of beta-receptor-linked adenylate cyclase is a well-documented adaptive response to chronic administration of antidepressant drugs. In this study, we investigated dopamine receptor and beta-adrenoceptor changes induced(More)
Evidence indicate that it is difficult to obtain specific antibodies to G protein-coupled receptors and different technical difficulties may allow the generation of antibodies that lack specificity. We conducted experiments to validate the specificity of commercially available antibodies raised against dopamine (DA) receptors hD(1), hD(4), and hD(5) using a(More)
AIM Several studies have proposed a role for alpha1 adrenoceptors (ARs) in ureteral physiology, indicating that they are present in the ureter; however, few studies have been done to identify alpha1 AR subtypes present in this area. Thus, this study was carried out to characterize the alpha1 AR subtype gene and protein expression in proximal, medial, and(More)
Mesolimbocortical dopamine plays a role in learning and memory. The specific receptor subtypes mediating the effects of dopamine, however, are still unknown. Dopamine D2, D3 and D4 receptors are expressed in the hippocampus and dopamine D3 receptors are present in the septal area, suggesting that these receptor subtypes can contribute to the behavioral(More)
There is now evidence for the presence of a dopaminergic inhibitory modulation of aldosterone production that is mediated by D-2 receptors in the adrenal cortex. In this study we evaluated the effects of dopamine and the dopaminergic agonists ibopamine and dihydroergotoxine on aldosterone secretion and plasma renin activity in 13 patients with chronic heart(More)