Sandra Sakala

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The visually controlled eye tracking systems (saccadic, smooth pursuit, and optokinetic) were compared in 25 young and middle-aged normal subjects (mean age, 42 years), 14 elderly patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) (mean age, 67 years) and 14 elderly normal subjects (mean age, 65 years). The young normal subjects were consistently superior to(More)
Smooth pursuit and other eye movements were quantitatively studied in patients with chronic schizophrenia to characterize the pattern and severity of eye movement abnormalities in this disorder. Twenty-one patients with schizophrenia, 13 patients with other psychiatric disorders (manic-depressive psychosis, schizoaffective disorder, depression and(More)
A characteristic nystagmus profile of benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus was determined from analyses of horizontal and vertical electro-oculographic recordings in 32 patients. The vertical component was upbeat in both eyes (fast phase toward the ground in the head-hanging position), whereas the horizontal component was dissociated with the ipsilateral(More)
Our standard rotational test battery includes tests of optokinetic nystagmus (OKN), the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), and visual-vestibular interaction. Lesions of the peripheral vestibular system characteristically impair only the VOR, whereas lesions of the central system impair OKN and visual-vestibular interaction. The pattern of abnormal responses can(More)
The vertical vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) was tested in 13 patients with benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus and in ten normal subjects. Patients and normal subjects were rotated in the sagittal plane and in the plane of the vertical semicircular canal pairs using sine and step stimuli. Gain, phase, and time-constant measurements of the vertical(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis in Zambia is a major public health problem, however the country does not have reliable baseline data on the TB prevalence for impact measurement; therefore it was among the priority countries identified by the World Health Organization to conduct a national TB prevalence survey. OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis(More)
A characteristic nystagmus profile of benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus (BPPN) was determined from analyses of horizontal and vertical electro-oculographic recordings in 8 patients. The vertical component was upbeat in both eyes (fast phase toward the ground in the head-hanging position) while the horizontal component was dissociated with the(More)
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