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The two major pathways for repairing double-strand breaks (DSBs), homologous recombination and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ), have traditionally been thought to operate in different stages of the cell cycle. This division of labor is not absolute, however, and precisely what governs the choice of pathway to repair a given DSB has remained enigmatic. We(More)
V(D)J recombination entails double-stranded DNA cleavage at the antigen receptor loci by the RAG1/2 proteins, which recognize conserved recombination signal sequences (RSSs) adjoining variable (V), diversity (D) and joining (J) gene segments. After cleavage, RAG1/2 remain associated with the coding and signal ends (SE) in a post-cleavage complex (PCC),(More)
The Ran GTPase is an essential protein that has multiple functions in eukaryotic cells. Fission yeast cells in which Ran is misregulated arrest after mitosis with condensed, unreplicated chromosomes and abnormal nuclear envelopes. The fission yeast sns mutants arrest with a similar cell cycle block and interact genetically with the Ran system. sns-A10,(More)
Misregulation of the evolutionarily conserved GTPase Ran in fission yeast results in defects in several cellular processes in cells that are competent for nucleocytoplasmic protein transport. These results suggest that transport is neither the only nor the primary Ran-dependent process in living cells. The ability of Ran to independently regulate multiple(More)
Stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) has evolved to be a major technique for quantitative proteomics using cell cultures. We developed a rapid method to follow and determine the incorporation of arginine and lysine. Analysis of the heavy state is required to avoid quantification errors. Moreover, the mixture of light and heavy(More)
The microtubule cytoskeleton plays a pivotal role in cytoplasmic organization, cell division, and the correct transmission of genetic information. In a screen designed to identify fission yeast genes required for chromosome segregation, we identified a strain that carries a point mutation in the SpRan GTPase. Ran is an evolutionarily conserved eukaryotic(More)
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