Sandra S. Rossie

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Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by decreased atrial contractility, shortened action potential duration, and decreased accommodation of action potential duration to changes in activation rate. Studies on experimental animal models of AF implicate a reduction in L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca)) density in these changes. To evaluate the effect of(More)
Protein Ser/Thr phosphatase 5 is a 58-kDa protein containing a catalytic domain structurally related to the catalytic subunits of protein phosphatases 1, 2A, and 2B and an extended N-terminal domain with three tetratricopeptide repeats. The activity of this enzyme is stimulated 4-14-fold in vitro by polyunsaturated fatty acids and anionic phospholipids. The(More)
Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by decreased atrial contractility, shortened action potential duration, and decreased accommodation of action potential duration to changes in activation rate. Studies on experimental animal models of AF implicate a reduction in L-type Ca current (ICa) density in these changes. To evaluate the effect of AF(More)
Protein phosphatase (PP) 5 is highly expressed in the mammalian brain, but few physiological substrates have yet been identified. Here, we investigated the kinetics of dephosphoryation of phospho-tau by PP5 and found that PP5 had a K(m) of 8-13 microm toward tau, which is similar to that of PP2A, the major known tau phosphatase. This K(m) value is within(More)
Bovine chromaffin cells have two components of whole-cell Ca2+ current: 'standard' Ca2+ currents that are activated by brief depolarizations, and 'facilitation' Ca2+ currents, which are normally quiescent but can be activated by large pre-depolarizations or by repetitive depolarizations to physiological potentials. The activation of protein kinase A can(More)
An arachidonic acid-stimulated Ser/Thr phosphatase activity was detected in soluble extracts prepared from rat pituitary clonal GH4C1 cells, rat or bovine brain, and bovine heart. The enzyme activity was purified to homogeneity from bovine brain as a monomer with a Mr of 63,000 and a specific activity of 32 nmol of Pi released per min/mg of protein when(More)
We have studied cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of sodium channels in rat brain neurons maintained in primary culture. In back phosphorylation studies, cells were treated with drugs to increase intracellular cAMP and sodium channels were solubilized and isolated by immunoprecipitation. Surface and intracellular pools of sodium channels were isolated(More)
We have investigated the structural basis for the phenotype of a native rat Slo (rSlo) potassium channel (BK(Ca); KCNMA1) in a rat pituitary cell line, GH(4)C(1). Opposing regulation of these calcium- and voltage-activated potassium channels by cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases requires an alternatively spliced exon (strex) of 59 amino acids in the(More)
Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase catalyzes the incorporation of 3-4 mol of phosphate into the alpha subunit of rat brain sodium channels in vitro or in situ. Digestion of phosphorylated sodium channels with CNBr yielded three major phosphorylated fragments of 25, 31, and 33 kDa. These fragments were specifically immunoprecipitated with site-directed(More)
We have investigated the Rac-dependent mechanism of KCNH2 channel stimulation by thyroid hormone in a rat pituitary cell line, GH(4)C(1), with the patch-clamp technique. Here we present physiological evidence for the protein serine/threonine phosphatase, PP5, as an effector of Rac GTPase signaling. We also propose and test a specific molecular mechanism for(More)