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Bovine chromaffin cells have two components of whole-cell Ca2+ current: 'standard' Ca2+ currents that are activated by brief depolarizations, and 'facilitation' Ca2+ currents, which are normally quiescent but can be activated by large pre-depolarizations or by repetitive depolarizations to physiological potentials. The activation of protein kinase A can(More)
—Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by decreased atrial contractility, shortened action potential duration, and decreased accommodation of action potential duration to changes in activation rate. Studies on experimental animal models of AF implicate a reduction in L-type Ca 2ϩ current (I Ca) density in these changes. To evaluate the effect of(More)
An intracellular pool of Na channel alpha subunits has been detected in developing brain cells in vivo and in vitro by phosphorylation with cAMP-dependent protein kinase, immunoprecipitation with specific antiserum, and NaDodSO4 gel electrophoresis or by radioimmunoassay. These alpha subunits are membrane-bound, contain complex carbohydrate chains, and have(More)
Protein phosphatase (PP) 5 is highly expressed in the mammalian brain, but few physiological substrates have yet been identified. Here, we investigated the kinetics of dephosphoryation of phospho-tau by PP5 and found that PP5 had a K(m) of 8-13 microm toward tau, which is similar to that of PP2A, the major known tau phosphatase. This K(m) value is within(More)
Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by decreased atrial contractility, shortened action potential duration, and decreased accommodation of action potential duration to changes in activation rate. Studies on experimental animal models of AF implicate a reduction in L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca)) density in these changes. To evaluate the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Intermediate-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (IKs) modulate proliferation and differentiation in mesodermal cells by enhancing calcium influx, and they contribute to the physiology of fluid movement in certain epithelia. Previous reports suggest that IK channels stimulate proliferative growth in a keratinocyte cell line;(More)
Depolarization of rat brain synaptosomes causes an increase in phosphorylation of serine residues 573, 610, 623, and 687 on voltage-sensitive sodium channels. Although these sites have been shown to be phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase in vitro and in situ, the depolarization-induced increase in their state of phosphorylation is not due to(More)
We have investigated the structural basis for the phenotype of a native rat Slo (rSlo) potassium channel (BK(Ca); KCNMA1) in a rat pituitary cell line, GH(4)C(1). Opposing regulation of these calcium- and voltage-activated potassium channels by cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases requires an alternatively spliced exon (strex) of 59 amino acids in the(More)
Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) is a 58-kDa novel phosphoseryl/phosphothreonyl protein phosphatase. It is ubiquitously expressed in all mammalian tissues examined, with a high level in the brain, but little is known about its physiological substrates. We found that this phosphatase dephosphorylated recombinant tau phosphorylated with cAMP-dependent protein(More)