Sandra Rudloff

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Research on human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) has received much attention in recent years. However, it started about a century ago with the observation that oligosaccharides might be growth factors for a so-called bifidus flora in breast-fed infants and extends to the recent finding of cell adhesion molecules in human milk. The latter are involved in(More)
A method is described to separate and characterize neutral and acidic lactose-derived oligosaccharides without prior derivatization or reduction by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography and pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). This method has been applied to human milk oligosaccharides from donors with different blood group specificity (A, Le(a) and(More)
In examining the functional aspects of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), it is not known whether they are digested during the passage through the infant's gastrointestinal tract. HMO were prepared from individual milk samples (n = 6) and separated into neutral and acidic compounds by chromatography. These oligosaccharide fractions were studied for their(More)
Human milk is commonly considered to be unique when compared with the milk of other species with regard to its high content of complex fucosylated and sialylated lactose-derived oligosaccharides. We describe the application of high-pH anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection and TLC to characterize and quantitate neutral and(More)
There is increasing evidence of the local effects within the gastro intestinal tract and the systemic functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO). In addition to the vast majority of in vitro data, animal studies underline the high potential of HMO to influence very different processes. HMO probably influence the composition of the gut microflora through(More)
At present, not much is known about the absorption and metabolism of human milk (HM) oligosaccharides in term and preterm infants. We investigated the renal excretion of lactose and complex oligosaccharides in preterm infants fed HM (n = 9, mean actual body weight 2290 g) or a cow's milk-based infant formula (n = 9, mean actual body weight 2470 g). We found(More)
Complex lactose-derived oligosaccharides belong to the main components of human milk and are believed to exert multiple functions in the breast-fed infant. Therefore, we investigated the transepithelial transport of human milk oligosaccharides over Caco-2 monolayers. Main human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) in the apical, basolateral, or intracellular(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are a recently discovered class of glycoconjugates that anchor either proteins, polysaccharides or small oligosaccharides to cellular membranes via a covalent linkage. To investigate the presence of soluble GPIs, individual human milk samples and mature pig's milk were defatted and casein removed by acid precipitation(More)