Sandra Reichstetter

Learn More
HLA class II antigens are highly polymorphic molecules expressed on the surface as glycosylated ~ heterodimers (Kappes and Strominger 1988). The expression of class II molecules is regulated by complex mechanisms involving cisand trans-acting elements (for review see Benoist and Mathis (1990); Glimcher and Kara 1992). A limited number of highly conserved(More)
Immunotherapies for human autoimmune and immune-mediated diseases are proliferating rapidly, and with these changes comes the opportunity to monitor patients for immune responses to therapy based on early surrogate markers for clinical responses. Class II tetramers have the potential to serve as these sorts of markers for immune monitoring, and thereby(More)
To determine whether a Protected Graft Copolymer (PGC) containing fatty acid can be used as a stabilizing excipient for GLP-1 and whether PGC/GLP-1 given once a week can be an effective treatment for diabetes. To create a PGC excipient, polylysine was grafted with methoxypolyethyleneglycol and fatty acid at the epsilon amino groups. We performed evaluation(More)
Three different HLA-DQ0602 restricted T-lymphocyte clones (clones 5, 44, and 48) specific for two different Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) VP16 peptides were used in a series of proliferation assays with BLS-1 cell lines expressing mutated HLA-DQ0604 molecules as APC. Up to four residues in the peptide-binding region of DQ0604 were replaced by the(More)
Sequence variability in the upstream regulatory regions (URR) of HLA class II genes has been described as an additional mechanism of diversity in these polymorphic genes. For HLA-DQB1, 12 URR variants have been identified previously by sequence analysis of approx. 600 bp located immediately upstream of the first exon of the DQB1 gene. To investigate the(More)
Islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein (IGRP) is recognized as a major autoantigen for autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the NOD mouse model. This study was undertaken to examine CD4+ T cell responses toward IGRP in human subjects. The tetramer-guided epitope mapping approach was used to identify IGRP-specific CD4+ T cell(More)
Antigen-specific T cell recognition is dependent on the functional density of the TCR-ligand, which consists of specific MHC molecules and a specifically bound peptide. We have examined the influence of the affinity and concentration of exogenous peptide and the density of specific MHC molecules on the proliferation of a CD4+, DQA1*0501/DQB1*0201(More)
The polyclonal nature of T cells expanding in an ongoing immune response results in a range of disparate affinities and activation potential. Recently developed human class II tetramers provide a means to analyze this diversity by direct characterization of the trimolecular TCR-peptide-MHC interaction in live cells. Two HSV-2 VP16(369-379)-specific,(More)
To develop a long-acting formulation of native human insulin with a similar pharmacodynamics (PD) profile as the insulin analogue insulin glargine (Lantus®, Sanofi-Aventis) with the expectation of retaining native human insulin’s superior safety profile as insulin glargine is able to activate the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor and is linked(More)
To determine and compare pharmacokinetics and toxicity of two nanoformulations of Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP). VIP was formulated using a micellar (Sterically Stabilized Micelles, SSM) and a polymer-based (Protected Graft Copolymer, PGC) nanocarrier at various loading percentages. VIP binding to the nanocarriers, pharmacokinetics, blood pressure,(More)