Sandra Redlich

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Meningitis and meningoencephalitis caused by Escherichia coli are associated with high rates of mortality and neurological sequelae. A high prevalence of neurological disorders has been observed in geriatric populations at risk of hypovitaminosis D. Vitamin D has potent effects on human immunity, including induction of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and(More)
Increasing the phagocytic activity of microglia could improve the resistance of immunocompromised patients to CNS infections. We studied the microglial responses upon stimulation with the Nod2 ligand muramyl dipeptide (MDP) alone or in combination with a TLR1/2, 3 or 4 agonist. MDP caused a mild release of NO, but induced neither a significant release of(More)
The ability of microglial cells to phagocytose bacteria after stimulation with the endocannabinoid palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) was studied in vitro. PEA increased the phagocytosis of unencapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae R6 and encapsulated Escherichia coli K1 by murine microglial cells significantly after 30 min of microglial stimulation. This suggested(More)
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), an endogenous lipid and a congener of anandamide, possesses a wide range of effects related to metabolic and cellular homeostasis including anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. In vitro, we studied the ability of macrophages to phagocytose Escherichia coli K1 after stimulation with increasing doses of PEA. In vivo,(More)
Incidence and mortality of bacterial meningitis are strongly increased in aged compared to younger adults demanding new strategies to improve prevention and therapy of bacterial central nervous system (CNS) infections the elderly. Here, we established a geriatric mouse model for an intracerebral E. coli infection which reflects the clinical situation in(More)
Toll-Like receptors (TLRs) belong to the family of pattern-recognition receptors with a crucial function of recognising pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Cryptococcal meningitis is a potentially fatal disease with a high mortality and risk of neurological sequelae. We studied the ability of microglial cells to increase the phagocytosis of(More)
Prophylaxis with unmethylated cytosine phosphate guanidine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) protects against several systemic experimental infections. Escherichia coli is a major cause of Gram-negative neonatal bacterial meningitis and also causes meningitis and meningoencephalitis in older and immunocompromised patients. Wild-type (wt) and Toll-like(More)
Follistatin (FS) is the binding protein of activin A and inhibits its actions. The activin/FS system participates in the fine tuning of the immune response, and concentrations of activin A and FS are elevated in serum of patients with sepsis. Intraperitoneal injection of FS markedly reduced mortality after lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in a mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal virulence factors common to all serotypes, such as choline-binding proteins (CBPs), are promising therapeutic targets in pneumococcal infections. We studied the effect of a choline dendrimer with maximized binding affinity/specificity for CBPs on microglia-mediated pneumococcal phagocytosis. METHODS Pneumoccocal cultures were(More)
BACKGROUND Neuronal injury in pneumococcal meningitis is a consequence of microglial activation and direct toxicity by bacterial products and systemic inflammation. METHODS The treatment effect of the TEPC-15 antibody recognizing teichoic and lipoteichoic acids was investigated in murine microglial cells and in a rabbit model of pneumococcal meningitis.(More)
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