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Valeriana glechomifolia is a plant species endemic to southern Brazil that accumulates valepotriates, which are terpene derivatives, in all of its organs. Valepotriates are the presumed sedative generic components of the pharmaceutically used species of Valeriana. The influence of various concentrations of the auxins indole-3-acetic acid, indole-3-butyric(More)
The aerial parts of Hypericum polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt (Guttiferae) were successively extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO(2)) under pressures of 90, 120, 150 and 200 bar at different temperatures (40, 50 and 60 degrees C), and compared with the n-hexane extract obtained by ultrasound-assisted extraction. The samples obtained were(More)
Changes in biomass and bioactive metabolites after treatment with the fungus Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson added as dried culture (DC) or as dried autoclaved cell powder (DACP) for short and long periods of time have been investigated in Hypericum polyanthemum plants grown under controlled conditions and after 18 weeks of field acclimatization. Plants(More)
Accumulation of benzopyrans and total phenolic compounds were assessed in acclimatized field grown plants of Hypericum polyanthemum, an endemic species of southern Brazil, harvested at different developmental stages. The HPLC analysis of bioactive compounds 6-isobutyryl-5,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethylbenzopyran (HP1),(More)
Valtrate, DIA-valtrate, acevaltrate, 1-beta-acevaltrate and didrovaltrate have been quantitatively estimated by reversed-phase HPLC in the leaves, flowers, stems and roots of Valeriana glechomifolia Meyer, V. catharinensis Graebn., V. chamaedryfolia Cham. & Schltdl., V. eichleriana (C.A.Mull.) Graebn., V. polysthachya Smith, V. scandens L., V. eupatoria(More)
Plants of the genus Valeriana (Valerianaceae) are used in traditional medicine as a mild sedative, antispasmodic and tranquilizer in many countries. This study was undertaken to explore the neurobehavioral effects of systemic administration of a valepotriate extract fraction of known quantitative composition of Valeriana glechomifolia (endemic of southern(More)
1. Subject and source Valeriana glechomifolia Meyer is a small herb 5}10 cm high, growing in South Brazil. The plant was collected in April, 1998 in Sa o JoseH dos Ausentes, RS, Brazil and identi"ed by M. Sobral (Curso de PoH s-Graduac7 a o em Cie(ncias Farmace(uticas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). Voucher specimens (M. Sobral, 7733)(More)
The autonomously replicating plasmid YEpSS1, containing the S. cerevisiae SOD1 and SRB1 genes, was highly unstable in a wild-type strain. When transformed into a fragile srb1-1 mutant host, the same plasmid displayed different characteristics depending on the growth medium used. Both batch and continuous culture experiments demonstrated that the plasmid was(More)
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