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Accumulation of benzopyrans and total phenolic compounds were assessed in acclimatized field grown plants of Hypericum polyanthemum, an endemic species of southern Brazil, harvested at different developmental stages. The HPLC analysis of bioactive compounds 6-isobutyryl-5,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethylbenzopyran (HP1),(More)
The phenolic compound content of Hypericum ternum was investigated after micropropagation establishment and during acclimatization over the phenological development of the plant. Plantlets cultured in vitro on full Murashige and Skoog medium without growth regulators displayed higher phenolic compound yields, were acclimatized, and field grown. Production(More)
Valeriana glechomifolia is a plant species endemic to southern Brazil that accumulates valepotriates, which are terpene derivatives, in all of its organs. Valepotriates are the presumed sedative generic components of the pharmaceutically used species of Valeriana. The influence of various concentrations of the auxins indole-3-acetic acid, indole-3-butyric(More)
The autonomously replicating plasmid YEpSS1, containing the S. cerevisiae SOD1 and SRB1 genes, was highly unstable in a wild-type strain. When transformed into a fragile srb1-1 mutant host, the same plasmid displayed different characteristics depending on the growth medium used. Both batch and continuous culture experiments demonstrated that the plasmid was(More)
The aerial parts of Hypericum polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt (Guttiferae) were successively extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO(2)) under pressures of 90, 120, 150 and 200 bar at different temperatures (40, 50 and 60 degrees C), and compared with the n-hexane extract obtained by ultrasound-assisted extraction. The samples obtained were(More)
Hypericum polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt, an endemic species of Southern Brazil, was micropropagated on MS medium supplemented with 1.78 μM BAP. Shoot proliferation and rooting was achieved on hormone-free medium and plantlets survived acclimatization. The bioactive compounds: 6-isobutyryl-5,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP1),(More)
Changes in biomass and bioactive metabolites after treatment with the fungus Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson added as dried culture (DC) or as dried autoclaved cell powder (DACP) for short and long periods of time have been investigated in Hypericum polyanthemum plants grown under controlled conditions and after 18 weeks of field acclimatization. Plants(More)
Callus and cell suspension cultures of Rauwolfia sellowii were established in Gamborg B5 medium supplemented with 1 mg l-1 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 0.2 mg l-1 kinetin and 30 g l-1 sucrose. The growth cycle of suspension cultures was completed in ca. 22 days and the maximum specific growth rate was 0.0098 h-1 with a doubling time of 71 h. The cultures(More)
A system for growing in liquid medium whole plants of Valeriana glechomifolia, endemic to southern Brazil and capable of accumulating bioactive valepotriates, is described. Murashige and Skoog (MS) and Gamborg B5 (B5) media (1.0×, 0.3× and 0.1× strength) without phytohormones were evaluated after four weeks of culture in relation to growth and valepotriate(More)
Valeriana glechomifolia is an endemic species of southern Brazil, capable of accumulating, in all of its organs, the terpene derivatives known as valepotriates, the presumed sedative components of the roots of pharmaceutically used species of Valeriana. In vitro cultures of the plant were established and the accumulation of acevaltrate, didrovaltrate, and(More)