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The central complex is a major integrative region within the insect brain with demonstrated roles in spatial orientation, the regulation of locomotor behavior, and sound production. In the hemimetabolous grasshopper, the central complex comprises the protocerebral bridge, central body (CB), ellipsoid body, noduli, and accessory lobes, and this modular(More)
Normalization is critically important for the proper interpretation of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging datasets. The effects of the commonly used normalization techniques based on total ion count (TIC) or vector norm normalization are significant, and they are frequently beneficial. In certain cases, however, these normalization(More)
PURPOSE Aurora kinase A (AURKA/STK15/BTAK) encodes a serine/threonine kinase associated with chromosomal distribution and its up-regulation induces chromosomal instability, thereby leading to aneuploidy and cell transformation in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of AURKA in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). (More)
MALDI (Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization) Imaging mass spectrometry is a powerful new method for analyzing the spatial distribution of molecules in tissues. Several different classes of cellular constituents such as proteins, peptides, lipids, and small molecules can be analyzed in situ while maintaining the morphological integrity of the tissue.(More)
PURPOSE HER2 may be a relevant biomarker in Barrett's cancer. We compared three HER2 laboratory methods, standard fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), image-based three-dimensional FISH in thick (16 microm) sections, and immunohistochemistry, to predict patient outcome. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Tissue microarray sections from 124 Barrett's cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed monoclonal antibody cetuximab combined with oxaliplatin/leucovorin/5-fluorouracil (FUFOX) was assessed in first-line metastatic gastric and oesophago-gastric junction (OGJ) cancer in a prospective phase II study showing a promising objective tumour response rate of 65% and a low(More)
Mutations of the tumor suppressor E-cadherin and overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are among the most frequent genetic alterations associated with diffuse-type gastric carcinoma. Accumulating evidence suggests a functional relationship between E-cadherin and EGFR that regulates both proteins. We report(More)
Unfed Ixodes ricinus nymphs were infected with eight different strains and clones of Borrelia afzelii and B. garinii by capillary feeding. Except one B. afzelii clone, all expressed OspC in culture. Tick midguts and salivary glands were investigated at different time intervals for the presence of borreliae and for OspA and OspC phenotypes by(More)
In papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), metastasis is a feature of an aggressive tumor phenotype. To identify protein biomarkers that distinguish patients with an aggressive tumor behavior, proteomic signatures in metastatic and non-metastatic tumors were investigated comparatively. In particular, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging(More)
Predicting the clinical course of osteosarcoma patients is a crucial prerequisite for a better treatment stratification in these highly aggressive neoplasms of bone. In search of new and reliable biomarkers we recently identified cysteine-rich intestinal protein 1 (CRIP1) to have significant prognostic impact in gastric cancer and therefore decided to(More)