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NF-kappaB (Rel) transcription factors control physiological and pathological immune cell function. The scaffold proteins Bcl-10 and MALT1 couple antigen-receptor signals to the canonical NF-kappaB pathway and are pivotal in lymphomagenesis. Here we found that Bcl-10 and MALT1 differentially regulated B cell receptor-induced activation of RelA and c-Rel.(More)
The central complex is a major integrative region within the insect brain with demonstrated roles in spatial orientation, the regulation of locomotor behavior, and sound production. In the hemimetabolous grasshopper, the central complex comprises the protocerebral bridge, central body (CB), ellipsoid body, noduli, and accessory lobes, and this modular(More)
Normalization is critically important for the proper interpretation of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging datasets. The effects of the commonly used normalization techniques based on total ion count (TIC) or vector norm normalization are significant, and they are frequently beneficial. In certain cases, however, these normalization(More)
Rho GTPases are a family of major regulators of E-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion that are implicated in the carcinogenic process by deregulated expression of the family members itself or of upstream modulators or downstream effectors. Combined investigation of the Rho GTPase Rac1, the effector protein IQGAP1 and the activator Tiam1 in relation to(More)
BACKGROUND The activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed monoclonal antibody cetuximab combined with oxaliplatin/leucovorin/5-fluorouracil (FUFOX) was assessed in first-line metastatic gastric and oesophago-gastric junction (OGJ) cancer in a prospective phase II study showing a promising objective tumour response rate of 65% and a low(More)
PURPOSE The therapeutic activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed monoclonal antibody cetuximab in gastric cancer is currently being investigated. Reliable biomarkers for the identification of patients who are likely to benefit from the treatment are not available. The aim of the study was to examine the drug sensitivity of five(More)
Mutations of the tumor suppressor E-cadherin and overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are among the most frequent genetic alterations associated with diffuse-type gastric carcinoma. Accumulating evidence suggests a functional relationship between E-cadherin and EGFR that regulates both proteins. We report(More)
MALDI (Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization) Imaging mass spectrometry is a powerful new method for analyzing the spatial distribution of molecules in tissues. Several different classes of cellular constituents such as proteins, peptides, lipids, and small molecules can be analyzed in situ while maintaining the morphological integrity of the tissue.(More)
Clinical laboratory testing for HER2 status in breast cancer tissues is critically important for therapeutic decision making. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) is a powerful tool for investigating proteins through the direct and morphology-driven analysis of tissue sections. We hypothesized that MALDI-IMS(More)
PURPOSE Aurora kinase A (AURKA/STK15/BTAK) encodes a serine/threonine kinase associated with chromosomal distribution and its up-regulation induces chromosomal instability, thereby leading to aneuploidy and cell transformation in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of AURKA in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). (More)