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Fc epsilon RI activation of mast cells is thought to involve Lyn and Syk kinases proximal to the receptor and the signaling complex organized by the linker for activation of T cells (LAT). We report here that Fc epsilon RI also uses a Fyn kinase-dependent pathway that does not require Lyn kinase or the adapter LAT for its initiation, but is necessary for(More)
A role for Lyn kinase as a positive regulator of immunoglobulin (Ig)E-dependent allergy has long been accepted. Contrary to this belief, Lyn kinase was found to have an important role as a negative regulator of the allergic response. This became apparent from the hyperresponsive degranulation of lyn-/- bone marrow-derived mast cells, which is driven by(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate, a key mediator in immune cell trafficking, is elevated in the lungs of asthmatic patients and regulates pulmonary epithelium permeability. Stimulation of mast cells by allergens induces two mammalian sphingosine kinases (Sphk1 and Sphk2) to produce sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). Little is known about the individual role of these(More)
T regulatory (Treg) cells play a role in the suppression of immune responses, thus serving to induce tolerance and control autoimmunity. Here, we explored whether Treg cells influence the immediate hypersensitivity response of mast cells (MCs). Treg cells directly inhibited the FcvarepsilonRI-dependent MC degranulation through cell-cell contact involving(More)
The linker for activation of T cells (LAT) is an adaptor protein critical for Fc epsilon RI-mediated mast cell activation. LAT is a substrate of the tyrosine kinases activated after TCR and Fc epsilon RI engagement. After phosphorylation of the cytosolic domain of LAT, multiple signaling molecules such as phospholipase C-gamma1, Grb2, and Gads associate(More)
Fyn kinase is a key contributor in coupling FcepsilonRI to mast cell degranulation. A limited macroarray analysis of FcepsilonRI-induced gene expression suggested potential defects in lipid metabolism, eicosanoid and glutathione metabolism, and cytokine production. Biochemical analysis of these responses revealed that Fyn-deficient mast cells failed to(More)
FcepsilonRI expression and function is a central aspect of allergic disease. Using bone marrow-derived mouse mast cell populations, we have previously shown that the Th2 cytokine IL-4 inhibits FcepsilonRI expression and function. In the current study we show that the Th2 cytokine IL-10 has similar regulatory properties, and that it augments the inhibitory(More)
Mast cell responses are influenced by a diverse array of environmental factors, but little is known about the effect of genetic background. In this study, we report that 129/Sv mice had high levels of circulating IgE, increased expression of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilonRI), and greater sensitivity to anaphylaxis when compared with C57BL/6(More)
Engagement of FcepsilonRI causes its phosphorylation by Lyn kinase. Two alternatively spliced variants, Lyn A and B, are expressed in mast cells, and both isoforms interact with FcepsilonRI. Unlike Lyn A, Lyn B lacks a 21-aa region in the N-terminal unique domain. In this study, we investigated the role of Lyn A and B isoforms in mast cell signaling and(More)
The protein kinase encoded by the Tpl2 proto-oncogene regulates ERK activation and cytokine gene expression in macrophages in response to LPS and TNF-alpha. In this study we show that OVA-immunized Tpl2(-/-) mice express high levels of IgE and develop more severe bronchoalveolar eosinophilic inflammation than Tpl2(+/+) controls, when challenged with OVA(More)